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Theories of Personality (11th Edition) Chapter 8: Raymond Cattell, Hans Eysenck, The Five-Factor Theory, HEXACO, and the Dark Triad
Terms in this set (22)
A statistical technique based on correlations between several measures, which may be explained in terms of underlying factors.
To Cattell, reaction tendencies, derived by the method of factor analysis, that are relativly permanent parts of the personality.
Traits possessed in some degree by all people.
Traits possessed by one or a few persons.
Traits that describe our skills and how efficiently we will be able to work toward our goals.
Traits that describe our general behavioral style in responding to our environment.
Traits that describe our motivations and interests.
Traits that show a correlation but do not constitute a factor because they are not determined by a single source.
Stable and permanent traits that are the basic factors of personality, derived by the method of factor analysis.
Source traits that depend on our physiological characteristics.
Source traits that are learned from social and environmental interactions.
Cattell's Stages of Personality Development
-Infancy(Birth-6): Weaning; toilet training; forming of ego, superego, and social attitudes.
-Childhood(6-14): Independence from parents and identification with peers.
-Adolescence(14-23): Conflicts about independence, self-assertion, and sex.
-Maturity(23-50): Satisfaction with career, marriage, and family.
-Late Maturity(50-65): Personality changes in response to physical and social circumstances.
-Old Age(65+): Adjustment to loss of friends, career, and status.
Life-Record rating of behaviors observed in real-life situations, such as the classroom or office.
Self-Report questionnaire ratings of our characteristics, attitudes, and interests.
Data derived from personality tests that are resistant to faking.
The study of the relationship between genetic or hereditary factors and personality traits.
The Three Dimensions of Personality
-P: Psychoticism VS impulse control
-E: Extraversion VS introverson
-N: Neuroticism VS emotional stability
McCrae and Costa's Big Fiver Personality Factors
Six Personality Factors of the HEXACO Model
-Openness to Experience
Extreme selfishness, an inflated sense of one's abilities and talents, and the constant need for admiration and attention.
The need to manipulate others, characterized by cunning, deceit, and unscrupulous behaviors.
Callous, insensitive, egocentric, antisocial, takes advantage of other people, using great char, and often violence.