IQ DOES NOT measure personal worth
DOES predict academic and career success to some extent but not special distinction....
EX:People who are at the very top of their fields, are not necessarily with the highest IQ's
creativity, emotional intelligence, hard work, determination, self discipline, motivation
MORE INDICATIVE THAN IQ
Creative intelligence, hard work, motivation, self-discipline, and leadership skills are not measured by
IQ tests but are very important to success.
No relationship between happiness and IQ not a measure of value of personal worth ok pussy
Primary: surprise, interest/excitement, joy, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust
These are unlearned and the same across age and culture
Secondary/Self-conscious: empathy, jealousy, embarrassment, pride, shame, guilt
These require self-awareness and develop with age.
(1) Instinct Theory:
-all motivations arise from instincts
I. instincts - automatic, involuntary, unlearned, consistent
ii. human behavior - flexibility, learning
(2) Drive Reduction Theory
-physiological imbalance creates a biological need which leads to an aroused mental state (drive) that prompts behavior that fulfills the need and corrects the imbalance
I. Imbalance/need, aroused state/drive, behavior to reduce need
ii. homeostasis - constant, ideal internal statec.
-we are motivated to maintain personal, optimal level of arousal
I. arousal - general activation level of the body and brain (how activated the nervous system is)
ii. optimal arousal level - individual differences.
-we are motivated to gain positive incentives, and avoid negative consequences
I. gaining positive incentives, avoiding negative consequencese.
-Needs lower on the hierarchy tend to take precedence over higher needs.
I. Biological needs
ii. Safety needs
iii. Belongingness and love: need close, enduring relationships with other people, need to feel love and accepted by others
iv. Esteem needs: need for achievement, we need to feel useful, competent, respected
v. Self-actualization: fulfilling your own unique potential as a human being
vi. Transcendence: focusing beyond self, engaging in altruistic activities or spiritual pursuits