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Ch. 1 - Geographic Regions of Alabama

STUDY
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First people to live in AL arrived when?
12,000 years ago
Ice Age
12,000 years ago when first people arrived in AL
Prehistoric people crossed a land bridge between ? and ?
Asia & North America
Prehistoric people moved south following the (WHAT)?
animals they hunted.
Fossils
remains of a living thing from a former geologic age
5 Geographic Regions of Alabama
1. Highland Rim
2. Cumberland Plateau
3. Ridge & Valley
4. Piedmont
5. Coastal Plain
Highland Rim
It has level plains of fertile soil and gently rolling hills.
Cumberland Plateau
It is home to steep canyons; Bankhead National Forest located here.
Ridge & Valley
It includes Bham and Red Mountain; Iron ore, coal, & limestone are found here.
Piedmont
Its name means "foot of the mountain"; Mt. Cheaha, the state's highest point is here.
Coastal Plain
It reaches to the Gulf of Mexico; timber and cotton are raised here.
Alabama is located in what part of the U.S.?
southeast
The Atlantic Ocean is _________ of Alabama
east
Alabama is located in which two hemispheres?
Northern and western hemispheres
Archaic Indians
lived in Alabama 10,000-3,500 years ago
Archaic Indians
used the atlatl for hunting
Archaic Indians
shell middens
Archaic Indians
made bowls from stone
Archaic Indians
hunters and gatherers
Paleo Indians
Russell Cave campsite
Paleo Indians
moved to Alabama 12,000 years ago
Paleo Indians
hunted large prehistoric animals
Paleo Indians
petroglyphs
Paleo Indians
hunters and gatherers
Woodland Indians
used the bow and arrow for hunting
Woodland Indians
lived in small villages
Woodland Indians
made pottery from clay
Woodland Indians
raised corn, squash, and beans
Woodland Indians
dome-shaped burial mounds
Tennessee River
In the north, this river dips down into the northeastern corner of the state then flows northwest & out again.
Tombigbee River
On the western side of the state, this river is joined in midcourse at Demopolis by the Black Warrior River which rises out of the hills of the Cumberland Plateau.
Black Warrior River
This river rises out of the hills of the Cumberland Plateau.
Alabama River
This river is formed where the Coosa & Tallapoosa Rivers join near Wetumpka.
Coosa River
This river starts in Georgia and flows for more than 200 miles before it meets the Tallapoosa River.
Chattahoochee River
This river forms the eastern boundary of Alabama and western boundary of Georgia.
Mobile River
The Tombigbee and Alabama Rivers join to form this river.
Conecuh River
flows into the Gulf of Mexico
Choctawhatchee River
flows into the Gulf of Mexico
Cahaba River
flows out of the mountains near Birmingham
Mobile River
empties into Mobile Bay
Gulf of Mexico
The body of water located south of Alabama
Chiefdoms
During the Mississippian period, large towns & small outlying communities where farming took place...
Floodplains
A river valley where rich soil is found.
Dugout canoe
Mississippians traveled far distances up and down river by paddling what?
Effigy pots
Formed into shapes of animals and human faces or bodies.
Moundville
A place in Alabama that was an important center of Mississippian culture.
Palisade
A high wall of wooden posts.
Four states that border Alabama
1. Georgia
2. Tennessee
3. Mississippi
4. Florida
Alabama
The state that you live in.
Vandals
Looters that damage or destroy archaeological treasures.
archaeologists
Scientists who study past civilizations
palisades
At one time, Native Americans living in Alabama built towns with strong walls called ______________?
Climate
Large mammals, such as the mastodon, became extinct because of changes in the __________?
Giant shell "middens"
garbage dumps that contain the remains of freshwater mussels discarded by Native Americans living in North Alabama
fall line
the border between the Piedmont and the Coastal Plain
excavated
Archaeologist have _________ past Paleo Indian camps and studied the tools, weapons, and buildings left behind.
geologist
Scientists who study how the Earth was formed
erosion
the wearing away of rock and soil by wind and water that has shaped many of Alabama's present landforms
migration
The first inhabitants of Alabama were part of a great _______________ of people who crossed the Bering Strait on a land bridge.
horticulture
the science or art of growing plants
inhabitants
The people who live in a particular place are its ________________.
prehistoric
the period of time before history was written down