AP English Lit Syntax Terms
Terms in this set (23)
shorter than 5 words
approximately 5 to 10 words
approximately 15 to 20 words
approximately 30 words or more
repetition of first few words
repetition of words at the end of a clause, phrase, or sentence.
words set out in a special way for a specific purpose or effect
A question that expects no answer; draws attention to a point or leads a reader to a specific view, answer, etc.
Example: Can't we all just get along?
makes complete sense if brought to a close before the actual ending; the main point is "front loaded."
Ex: We finally reached San Diego/that morning/ after a long delay/ a turbulent flight/ and some exciting adventures with airline food.
makes sense only when the end of the sentence is reached; main point is "end loaded"
Ex. That morning, after a long delay/a turbulent flight/ and some exciting adventures with airline food/we finally reached San Diego.
refers to a grammatical or structural similarity between sentences or parts of a sentence. Involves an arrangement of words, phrases, sentences, and paragraphs so that elements of equal importance are equally developed and similarly phrased. In essence, a particular kind of repetition.
Wrong: In the winter, I usually like skiing and to skate.
Right: In the winter, I usually like skiing and skating.
Right: In the winter, I usually like to ski and to skate.
natural order sentence
a sentence where the subject comes before the predicate (main verb)
Example: Oranges grow in California.
inverted order sentence
a sentence where the predicate (main verb) comes before the subject.
Example: In California grow oranges.
split order sentence
divides the predicate into two parts with the subject coming in between.
Example: In California oranges grow.
interrupted order sentence
the subordinate elements come in the middle, often set off by dashes.
Example: Oranges—beautiful, sweet, and delicious—grow in California.
makes a statement
Example: The king seems sick.
gives a command
Example: Help him now.
asks a question
Example: What's the matter with him?
makes an exclamation
Example: The king is dead!
one independent clause
Example: The singer bowed to her adoring audience.
two or more independent clauses (joined by a coordinating conjunction—and, but, for, or, not, yet, so- or a semicolon)
Example: The singer bowed gratefully to the audience, but she sang no encores.
one independent clause and one or more dependent (subordinate) clauses
Example: Although the singer bowed gratefully to her audience, she sang no encores.
two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
Example: Although the audience clapped wildly, the singer sang no encores, but she did bow gratefully.