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Ap Us History period 3
Terms in this set (43)
Proclamation of 1763 (Causes of the American Revolution)
*Colonists could NOT settle West of the Appalachian Mountains. If they were there, they had to move back east
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain
Revolutionary war impact on women
Marquis de Lafayette
He was very rich and noble when he arrived in America at the age of 19 years old. He believed in the liberty that the Americans were fighting for and asked to help. He became a general on Washington's staff and fought hard. He was known as "the soldier's friend," and is buried in france but his grave is covered with earth from Bunker Hill.
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes
Supporters of the U.S. Constitution at the time the states were contemplating its adoption.
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution during the period of ratification. They opposed the Constitution's powerful centralized government, arguing that the Constitution gave too much political, economic, and military control. They instead advocated a decentralized governmental structure that granted most power to the states
Second Continental Congress
Convened in May 1775, the Congress opposed the drastic move toward complete independence from Britain. In an effort to reach a reconciliation, the Congress offered peace under the conditions that there be a cease-fire in Boston, that the Coercive Acts be repealed, and that negotiations begin immediately. King George III rejected the petition.
Who wrote the Bill of Rights?
What is the Bill of Rights?
First 10 amendments
What was the first amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
What was the second amendment
Right to keep and bear arms
What was the third amendment
No quartering of soldiers
What was the fourth amendment?
Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures
What was the fifth amendment?
Protection of Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property
What was the sixth amendment?
Right to a speedy and public trial
What was the Seventh amendment
What was the eighth amendment?
No cruel or unusual punishment
What was the ninth amendment?
Rights reserved for the people
What was the tenth amendment?
Rights reserved to the state
Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states
Set a system of selling the new land
What else did the ordinance do
-Prohibited slavery in the north West territory
- ensured that a section of land will be dedicated for education in every township
- created the northwest territory and divided into three creating 5 new stated
- established procedures for becoming a state
- passed during The period America was operating under the Articles of Confederation
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
Need to know information about the article of confederation
• each state had its own currency
• taxes weren't able to be collected
•made all states into unicameral legislation where all but 2 were previously bicameral legislation
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states of the colonies. The Great Compromise resolved that there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives, and equal representation would exist in the Senate. Each state, regardless of size, would have 2 senators. All tax bills and revenues would originate in the House. This compromise combined the needs of both large and small states and formed a fair and sensible resolution to their problems.
in 1781 during the American Revolution the British under Cornwallis surrendered after a siege of three weeks by American and French troops
seperation of powers
dividing the powers of government among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches
1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government. It was published to convince New York to ratify the Constitution.
Quartering Act of 1765
Act forcing colonists to house and supply British forces in the colonies; created more resentment; seen as assault on liberties.
The meeting of state delegates in 1787 in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
series of laws passed in 1774 to punish Boston for the Tea Party
What were the Intolerable Acts?
The intolerable acts were four laws. The first law was that the Boston Harbor would be closed. Two other laws increased the royal governing power over the colonies.
Commitees of Correspondence
Commitees created by the Massachussets House of Representatives in the 1760s to help towns and colonies share information about resisting British laws.
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
House of Burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.
Transatlantic Slave Trade
Trading of slaves from Africa to the Americas
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
King Philip's War
1675 - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
1676 - Nathaniel Bacon and other western Virginia settlers were angry at Virginia Governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements. The frontiersmen formed an army, with Bacon as its leader, which defeated the Indians and then marched on Jamestown and burned the city. The rebellion ended suddenly when Bacon died of an illness.
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