5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Adolph Hitler
- The Maginot Line
- Harry S. Truman
- a A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
- b a constructed line of defense created by France against the French-German frontier.
- c A very crude leader that took advantage of a disillusioned and depression-stricken nation. After the Treaty of Versailles blamed Germany for WWI, lead the nation into WWII under the "big lie." In 1932 the nazis had become the largest political party. came to power legally in 1933. used his new power to turn Germany into a totalitarian state. he took propaganda to a new level. He enforced the secret police. His hatred of the jews, or anti-Semitism, was a key part of nazi ideology. Hitler led to the way and leaded the Holocaust.
- d Succeeded FDR upon his death. Led the country through the last few months of World War II, and made the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, he was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery. Created the CIA
- e 1st offensive against Japan lasted 6th month,the battle for Solomon island was a turning point, First US land victory over the Japanese
5 Multiple choice questions
- The German goal during this battle was to prevent food and war materials from reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Hitler knew that if he cut that lifeline Britain would be starved into submission. The Allies responded to the German's raids against ships along U.S. East Coast by organizing their cargo ships into convoys (groups of ships traveling together for mutual protection). Launching of Allied ships began to outnumber sinkings. Allies Won.
- second time the United States was on the offensive (the Battle of Guadalcanal had been the first); and the first offensive in the critical central Pacific region; also the first time in the war that the United States faced serious Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing
- A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
- A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
- The last offensive battle of WWII. U.S. Army in the Pacific had been pursuing an "island-hopping" campaign, moving north from Australia towards Japan. On April 1, 1945, they invaded Okinawa. By the time the fighting ended on June 2, 1945, the U.S. had lost 50,000 men and the Japanese 100,000.
5 True/False questions
Dwight D. Eisenhower → Britain's new prime minister during WWII who pleaded for US aid, rallied the British with his speeches, infectious confidence, and bulldog determination; known for his "iron curtain" speech; agreed Hitler should be conquered; was thrown out by his own people.
The Yalta Conference → - Hitler took Austria and Czechoslovaki, Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles in appeasement...where Chamberlin had said something along the lines of "I have secured peace in our time" as he waved a peace of paper (famous photo).
Hiroshima → City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
The United Nations → Nimitz served as an Admiral in the Battle of Midway in 1942. He commanded the American fleet in the Pacific Ocean and learned the Japanese plans through "magic" decoding of their radio messages. With this intercepted information, Nimitz headed the Japanese off and defeated them.
The Battle of Britain → Is the name given to the air campaign waged by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) against the United Kingdom during the summer and autumn of 1940. The objective of the campaign was to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force (RAF).