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Terms in this set (20)
Thomas Jefferson wanted a tightly knit group. This involved the yielding by the states of their sovereignty to a completely new federal government. This would give the states freedom to control their local affairs.
Checks & Balances
"The principle of government under which separate branches are employed to prevent actions by the other branches and are induced to share power." The framers of the constitution for the U.S. saw the policy necessary for the government to run smoothly. Third principle has prevented anyone Branch from taking over the government and making all the decisions.(Having a dictatorship.)
The idea that people should have the right to rule themselves. This idea had revolutionary consequences in colonial America.
Virginia Plan, New Jersey Plan, Connecticut Plan
1 plan called for a two-house Congress with each state's representation based on state population. Another plan called for a one-house Congress in which each state had equal representation. The third plan called for a two-house Congress in which both types of representation would be applied, and is also known as the Compromise Plan.
Great Compromise 1787
This resolved that there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives, and equal representation would exist in the Senate. Each state, regardless of size, would have 2 senators. All tax bills and revenues would originate in the House. This combined the needs of both large and small states and formed a fair and sensible resolution to their problems.
Articles of Confederation
The first "constitution" governing the Untied States; it was ratified in 1781 and it provided for the states to be united by a weak national government, which was completely lacking constitutional authority. the legislative branch (Congress) had no power to regulate commerce or forcibly collect taxes and there was no national executive or judicial branch;
A group of sovereign states, each of which is free to act independently from the others. The national government had some control over issues such as military affairs and foreign policy. The states, however, took the majority of power into their own hands, such as the power to coin money and raise armies.
A group of electors that are elected by the people to elect the President of the United States in every election year. This system was born along side the U.S. Constitution. The representatives of each state must reflect the interests of the people within their respective states during each election. The number of votes are determined by its population.
A black slave was counted as three-fifths of a person when they were counting the population. The southern states wanted them counted as one whole person for more representatives in the House of Representatives. The northern states did not want them counted at all.
Land Ordinance 1785 / Northwest Ordinance 1787
This created townships in 1785. This dealt with governing the area in 1787. Land would be equally divided into townships and sold for federal income; promoted education and slavery was prohibited in these Northwest Territories. This plan worked so good it became the model for other frontier areas.
People against federalists in 1787; disagreed with the Constitution because they believed people's rights were being taken away without a Bill of Rights; also did not agree with annual elections and the non-existence of God in the government.
A United States political party consisting of the more respectable citizens of the time; these people lived along the eastern seaboard in the 1790's; believed in advocating a strong federal government and fought for the adoption of the United States Constitution in 1787-1788.
Shay's Rebellion 1786
Led by Captain Daniel Shays, An uprising in western Massachusetts. Impoverished backcountry farmers, many were war veterans, demanded cheap paper money, lighter taxes, and a suspension of mortgage foreclosures.. Massachusetts authorities, supported by wealthy citizens, raised a small army stopping the rebellion. This exposed the need for a stronger central government.
Philadelphia Convention (Constitutional Convention)
Beginning on May 25, 1787, this meeting recommended by the Annapolis Convention was held in Philadelphia. All of the states except R.I. sent delegates, and GW served as president. It lasted 16 weeks, and on September 17, 1787, produced the present Constitution of the United States, which was drafted largely by James Madison. The Constitution establishes a government with direct authority over all citizens, it defines the powers of the national government, and it establishes protection for the rights of states and of every individual.
The Federalist Papers
A series of articles written in New York newspapers as a source of propaganda for a stronger central government. The articles, written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, were a way for the writers to express their belief that it is better to have a stronger central government. It turned out to be a penetrating commentary written on the Constitution.
The Critical Period of American History
John Fiske called the introduction of the Constitution "this" because the Constitution saved the nation from certain disaster under the Articles of Confederation.
The officers of the Continental Army had long gone without pay, and they met in New York to address Congress about their pay. Unfortunately, the American government had little money after the Revolutionary War. They also considered staging a coup and seizing control of the new government, but the plotting ceased when George Washington refused to support the plan
Constitution: Legislative Branch
House of Representatives is one of the two parts of Congress, considered the "lower house." Representatives are elected directly by the people, with the number of representatives for each state determined by the state's population. The Senate is the other of the two parts of Congress, considered the "upper house." Senators were originally appointed by state legislatures, but now they are elected directly by the people. Each state has two senators.
Constitution: Executive branch
One of the three branches of government, this branch enforces laws. It is headed by the president, who has the power to veto legislation passed by Congress.
Constitution: Judiciary branch
One of the three branches of government, this branch interprets laws. The highest authority is the Supreme Court, which determines the constitutionality of laws.
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