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Vocab 1 & 2 & 3
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Terms in this set (35)
Addition
To combine numbers. Example 3 + 4 = 7
Subtraction
To take away. Example 10 - 2 = 8
Division
To split into equal groups. Example: 10 / 5 = 2
Multiplication
To make groups. Example 3 x 7 = 21
Times
The sign used for multiplication.
Plus
The sign used for addition.
Minus
The sign used for subtraction.
Product
The answer to a multiplication problem.
Quotient
The answer to a division problem.
Difference
The answer to a subtraction problem.
Sum
The answer to an addition problem.
Order of Operations
PEMDAS - Parenthesis, Exponent, Multiply/Divide, Add/Subtract
Equal
Having the same value
Fraction
part of a whole
denominator
The bottom number in a fraction
numerator
the top number in a fraction
proper fraction
a fraction with a numerator smaller than the denominator
improper fraction
a fraction whose numerator is larger than the denominator
mixed number
a number made up of a whole number and a fraction
lowest terms
When a fraction is expressed with the fewest possible pieces, it is in lowest terms. (Also called simplest form.) As small as it will go.
reduce
to make smaller or to put in lowest terms
even number
Has 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8 in the ones place.
odd number
A whole number ending with 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9 in the ones place.
Integer
Positive and negative counting numbers.
Example: 1, -2, 4, -8, 10
whole numbers
Positive Counting Numbers 0,1,2,3,4...
absolute value
The distance a number is from zero on a number line
opposites
two numbers that have the same absolute value but have different signs. One is positive and one is negative
greater than
When a number is larger than the other number. Example 65 > 56
greater than or equal to
bigger or equal
less than or equal to
smaller or the same
less than
when a number is smaller than another number
least
smallest
greatest
biggest
Positive Numbers
numbers greater than zero and are on the right side of zero on the number line
negative numbers
numbers less than zero and are on the left side of zero on the number line
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