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one of the social institutions that sociologists study; a society's organized ways of dealing with sickness and injury
the healing specialist of a tribe who attempts to control the spirits thought to cause a disease or injury; commonly called a witch doctor
a social role that excuses people from normal obligations because they are sick or injured, while at the same time expecting them to seek competent help and cooperate in getting well
professionalization of medicine
development of medicine into a specialty in which education becomes rigorous and physicians claim a theoretical understanding of illness
two-tier system of medical care
wealthy receive superior medical care and the poor inferior medical care
excessive medical tests and procedures performed as a protection against malpractice lawsuits, otherwise regarded as unnecessary
dealing with people as though they were objects-in the case of medical care, as though patients were merely cases and diseases, not persons
4 elements of sick role
not held responsible for being sick, exempt from normal responsibilities, you don't like the role and you will get competent help so you can return to your routines
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