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17 terms

Sociology-Henslin Chapt. 19

Chapter 19 Henslin
STUDY
PLAY
medicine
one of the social institutions that sociologists study; a society's organized ways of dealing with sickness and injury
shaman
the healing specialist of a tribe who attempts to control the spirits thought to cause a disease or injury; commonly called a witch doctor
health
human condition measured by 4 components: physical, mental, social and spiritual
sick role
a social role that excuses people from normal obligations because they are sick or injured, while at the same time expecting them to seek competent help and cooperate in getting well
professionalization of medicine
development of medicine into a specialty in which education becomes rigorous and physicians claim a theoretical understanding of illness
fee-for-service
payment to a physician to diagnose and treat a patient's medical problems
epidemiology
study of disease and disability patterns in a population
two-tier system of medical care
wealthy receive superior medical care and the poor inferior medical care
defensive medicine
excessive medical tests and procedures performed as a protection against malpractice lawsuits, otherwise regarded as unnecessary
depersonalization
dealing with people as though they were objects-in the case of medical care, as though patients were merely cases and diseases, not persons
medicalization
the transformation of a human condition into a matter to be treated by physicians
euthanasia
mercy killing
dumping
the practice of sending unprofitable patients to public hospitals
disabling environment
an environment harmful to health
alternative medicine
Medical treatment other than that of standard western medicine
4 elements of sick role
not held responsible for being sick, exempt from normal responsibilities, you don't like the role and you will get competent help so you can return to your routines
Gatekeepers
for children it's parents and for adults it's physicians