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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. critical election
  2. party eras
  3. closed primaries
  4. party machines
  5. coalition government
  1. a When two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature. This form of government is quite common in the multiparty systems of Europe.
  2. b an electoral "earthquake" whereby new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party. These are sometimes marked by a national crisis and may require more than one election to bring about a new party era
  3. c A type of political party organization that relies heavily on material inducements, such as patronage, to win votes and to govern.
  4. d elections to select party nominees in which only people who have registered in advance with the party can vote for that party's candidates, thus encouraging greater party loyalty
  5. e historical periods in which a majority of voters cling to the party in power, which tends to win a majority of the elections.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a popular theory in poli sci to explain the actions of voters as well as politicians. It assumes that individuals act in their best interest, carefully weighing the the costs and benefits of possible alternatives
  2. a term used to describe the fact that many americans are indifferent toward the two major political parties
  3. electoral contenders other than the two major parties. American third parties are not unusual, but they rarely win elections.
  4. a group of indiciduals with a common intrest upon whcih every political party depends
  5. the gradual disengagement of people and politicians from the parties, as seen in part by shrinking party identification.

5 True/False questions

  1. national chairpersonthe meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presdiential ticket adn write the party's platform

          

  2. proportional representationan electoral system used throughout most of Europe that awards legislative seats to political parties in proportion to the number of votes won in an election.

          

  3. party realignmentthe displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period

          

  4. patronageThe voter's perception of what the Republicans or Democrats stand for, such as conservatism or liberalism

          

  5. linkage institutionsthe channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the government's policy agenda. In the United States, linkage institutions include elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.