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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. responsible party model
  2. critical election
  3. rational choice theory
  4. party machines
  5. linkage institutions
  1. a the channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the government's policy agenda. In the United States, linkage institutions include elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.
  2. b a popular theory in poli sci to explain the actions of voters as well as politicians. It assumes that individuals act in their best interest, carefully weighing the the costs and benefits of possible alternatives
  3. c an electoral "earthquake" whereby new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party. These are sometimes marked by a national crisis and may require more than one election to bring about a new party era
  4. d a view favored by some political scientists about how parties should work. According to the model, parties should offer clear choices to the voters, who can then use those choices as cues to their own preferences of candidates. Once in office, parties would carry out their campaign promises.
  5. e A type of political party organization that relies heavily on material inducements, such as patronage, to win votes and to govern.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a group of indiciduals with a common intrest upon whcih every political party depends
  2. elections to select party nominees in which voters are presented with a list of candidates from all the parties. Voters can then select some Democrats and some Republicans if they like.
  3. a "team of men [and women] seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election."
  4. an electoral system used throughout most of Europe that awards legislative seats to political parties in proportion to the number of votes won in an election.
  5. the meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presdiential ticket adn write the party's platform

5 True/False questions

  1. coalition governmentWhen two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature. This form of government is quite common in the multiparty systems of Europe.


  2. closed primarieselections to select party nominees in which only people who have registered in advance with the party can vote for that party's candidates, thus encouraging greater party loyalty


  3. party neutralityhistorical periods in which a majority of voters cling to the party in power, which tends to win a majority of the elections.


  4. ticket splittinga group of indiciduals with a common intrest upon whcih every political party depends


  5. party realignmentthe gradual disengagement of people and politicians from the parties, as seen in part by shrinking party identification.


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