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Politics of the United States
Political Science Test 3
Terms in this set (50)
an organization of people how share common political interests and aim to influence public policy by electioneering and lobbying
efforts to influence public policy through contact with public officials on behalf of an interest group
a lobbying strategy that relies on participation by group members, such as a protest or a letter-writing campaign
attempts by interest group staff to influence policy by speaking with elected officials or bureaucrats
method of eliminating nonparticipation or free riding by potential group members by requiring participation, as in many labor unions
satisfaction derived from the experience of working with like-minded people, even if the group's efforts do not achieve the desired impact
satisfaction derived form the experience of working toward a desired policy goal even if the goal not achieved
interest group that can raise money to contribute to campaigns or to spend in ads in support of candidate
Congress was first branch in nation's history while Constitution specified enumerated powers for Congress
How do the Constitution and Congress cooperate?
system of having two chambers within one legislative body
member of Congress who represents constituents' interests while also taking into account national, collective, and moral concerns that sometimes cause the member to vote against the preference of a majority of constituents
member of congress who loyalty represents constituents' direct interests
member of congress who acts as a delegate on issues that constituents care about and as a trustee on ore complex issues
30 years old, 9 year citizenship, lives in elected state
What are the candidate requirements for the Senate?
25 years old, 7 year citizenship, lives in elected state
What are the candidate requirements for the House?
Redrawing the geographic boundaries of legislative districts
Attempting to use the process of redrawing district boundaries to benefit a political party, protect incumbents, or change the proportion of minority voters in a district.
a form of gerrymandering that is using race to elect minority leaders of officials
relative infrequency with which members of Congress are defeated in their attempts for reelection
elected head of the party holding the majority of seats in the house or senate
elected head of the party holding the minority of seats in the house or senate
president pro tempore
A largely symbolic position usually held by the most senior member of the majority party in the Senate.
committee that are a permanent part of the house, holding more importance and authority than other committees
committees in the house created to address a specific issue for one or two terms
committee that contains members of both house and senate but with limited authority
temporary committees created to negotiate differences between the house and senate versions of a piece of legislation that has passed through both chambers
The committee system creates a division of ____ that helps members get reelected by supporting their specialization and credit claiming.
one of the steps through which a bill becomes a law, in which the final wording of the bill is determined
The role of the _____ Committee is to be in charge of determining under what rule other bills will come to the floor.
procedure though which the senate can limit the amount of time spent debating a bill if a supermajority of 60 senators agree
A tactic used by senators to block a bill by continuing to hold the floor and speak—under the Senate rule of unlimited debate—until the bill's supporters back down.
president's rejection of a bill that has been passed by Congress
automatic death of a bill passed by the House and Senate when the president fails to sign the bill in the last 10 days of a legislative session
The process by which each chamber of Congress votes on a bill vetoed by the Presiden
oversight by the United States Congress over the Executive Branch, including the numerous U.S. federal agencies, including the review, monitoring, and supervision of federal agencies, programs, activities, and policy implementation.
Senate - 6 years, 2 per state, 100 total. House - 2 years, number based on population, 435 total
differences between house and senate
system of civil servants and political appointees who implement congressional or presidential decisions
employees of bureaucratic agencies within the government
people selected by an elected leader to hold a government position
rule that allows the government to exercise control over individuals and corporations by restricting certain behaviors
term for division of a federal or state legislature into two chambers
proclamation made by the president that changes government policy without congressional approval
line item veto
executive power over legislation that is unconstitutional for the president but available to certain state governors
head of gov, commander in chief of armed forces, give presidential pardons, negotiator of treaties, veto congressional action
name five of the presidential powers outlined in the united states constitution
form of gerrymandering where like-minded voters are spread apart across multiple districts to dilute their voting power in each district
power established in Marbury v Madison that permits the Supreme court to strike down a law or executive branch action it finds unconstitutional
legal principle of determining a sedition according to past precedent
benefits that can motivate participation in a group effort because they are available only to those who participate
theory that congressional behavior is centrally motivated by desire for reelection
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