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The XYZ Affair and the Quasi-War
Terms in this set (20)
What was John Adam's goal in foreign policy?
Same as GW-- keep US neutral in wars between France and Britain
Why was France angry with the US?
They thought the Jay treaty favored Britain and violated the treaty of Alliance. Thought Jay Treaty was attempt to help Britain win the war against France.
What started happening after the Jay Treaty?
French warships attacked and seized American merchant ships and their cargo. They also refused to accept the new US minister in Paris.
What did John Adams hope to avoid?
Who was sent to France to arrange a treaty?
Charles Pickney, John Marshall, Elbridge Gerry
Who refused to meet with the Americans sent to arrange a treaty?
The French foreign minister, Charles de Talleyrand
Who met with the Americans to arrange a treaty?
Agents X, Y, and Z
What did Agents X, Y, and Z demand?
Bribe and a guaranteed loan to France before negotiations started
How did the Americans react to the XYZ affair?
They were angry
What was a popular rallying cry against the XYZ affair?
"Millions of dollars for defense but not one cent for tribute!"
What did Congress do in response to the XYZ affair?
Repealed existing treaties with France, prepared for war
What did the Department of the Navy create after the XYZ affair?
A larger army
What happened to many Republicans after the XYZ affair?
They lost their congressional seats
What did some Federalists want after the XYZ affair?
A war declared on France
What started in 1798?
An undeclared naval war between France and the US (Quasi-war)
Where was the Quasi-war fought?
Entirely at sea
What does quasi mean?
Partially or almost
In what way was the Quasi-war a large success for the United States?
Were small and inexperienced, but captured many French privateers and warships while only losing one ship
What happened in France in 1800?
How was the quasi-war concluded?
By the Treaty of Mortefontaine
what is another name for the Middle Colonies?
The elite, highly-educated, Confucianist government administrators in the Chinese Empire were called:
Who founded a Utopian society at New Lanark, Scotland?
It declined when weak leaders held Safavids back after Abbas. The Treaty resulted in them losing territory northwest and being stuck between two strong empires
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