24 terms

Mesoamerica

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Aztecs
*(1200-1521) Around 1300 settled in the valley of Mexico.
* Grew corn.
* Introduced Europeans to chocolate.
* Engaged in frequent warfare to conquer others of the region.
* Worshipped many gods (polytheistic)
*Believed the sun god needed human sacrifice to continue his journeys across the sky.
* Medical advances - dentistry
Incas
A Native American civilization in western South America in the 15th and 16th centuries. The center of their empire was in present-day Peru. Francisco Pizarro of Spain conquered the empire.
* invented crowbar
* improved medicine- set broken bones, perform brain surgery, herbal medicine
* beautiful cloth & pottery
* gold & silver jewelry
Machu Picchu
Incan ancient fortress city high in the Andes Mountains
Quipu
An arrangement of knotted strings on a cord, used by the Inca to count, keep records, track crops.
Hernan Cortes
1485-1547, Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
Maya
Mesoamerican civilization concentrated in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, Guatemala and Honduras but never unified into a single empire.
Major contributions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar. Their disappearance may have been the result of war or crop failure.
Cuzco
The capital city of the Incan Empire, located in present-day Peru
Andes Mountains
A large system of mountain ranges located along the Pacific coast of Central and South America
Tikal
A city built by the Maya. It is a major center in Guatemala.
Tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztec empire
Terrace Farming
Terrace farms appears as steps cut into a mountainside. Enabled the Inca of Mesoamerica to grow enough food for their large populations.
Chinampa
Aztec floating gardens.

Small islands of mud created in shallow lakes used for farming by the Aztecs
3 reasons for Defeat of Mesoamerican Empires
* Spanish Conquistadors had superior weapons.
* Spaniards used horses.
* Spaniards brought diseases.
Mesoamerica
Region in southern Mexico and southern Central America
that shares similar cultural characteristics
Tribute
(n.) something done or given to show thanks or respect; a payment
Maize
A large-seeded grass cultivated by people in the central valley of Mexico, which became the forerunner of corn.
Montezuma I
Arguably the greatest Aztec emperor who reigned from 1440 to 1448
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca in 1521
Chichen Itza
Major city of the Maya
Conquistador
Spanish soldier
Lake Texcoco
the place where the Aztec settled on a swampy island
Human Sacrifices
Aztec priests did this to please the gods
Moctezuma II
Aztec emperor from 1502, when the Aztec Empire was at its most powerful. Taken prisoner by Herman Cortes and died in an uprising in c.1519
Smallpox
disease brought by the Spanish to the Americas

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