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Eighteenth century liberals stressed
liberty and equality of individual rights but not economically of politically; everyone has equal opertunity
The legal definition of the composition of the prerevolutionary Third Estate included
Masses (everyone who was not nobility or clergy)
the men elected to represtent the third estate at the Estates General were primarily
lawyers and government officals
The grievance petitions from all three estates called for
constitutional monarchy (guarentee individual freedom and economic reform)
most 18th century demands for liberty centered on
economic hardship, economic reform, equality of opportunity
the group that announced that it was going to cut off Marie Antoinette's head, "tear out her heart, and fry her liver" was
women of paris
The term "Great Fear" refers to the
feeling of paroinia in the countryside in 1789, established flames of rebellion, led by vagabonds (homeless people) and outlaws
Causes of the outbreak of revolution in France in 1789
demand of the nobility for greater power and influence
The National Assembly that ruled France in 1789-1791 passed laws that
women were not allowed to vot and have political office
in the years 1789-1791 what actions did the National Assembly take?
introducing metric system and nationalizing catholic church
the participation of the common people of Paris in the revolution was initially attributable to
the soaring price of food
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen guaranteed
equality before the law, individual freedom, representative government for a soverign people
In 1789 the influential Abbe sieyes wrote a pamphlet in which he argued that France should be ruled by
The life-and-death political struggle between the Girondins and the Mountain resulted mainly from
personal hatred and jealousy
The group that had the task of ridding France of any internal opposition to the revolutionary cause was the
committee of Public safety
According to the text, why did the Directory continued French wars on conquest begun by early revolutionary governments
a means to temporarally solve economic problems (big armies employ lots of people)
According to the text the string of French military victories after the winter 1793-1794 was largely due to
According to the text, the populations of the areas of Europe Napoleon conquered came to view him as
a conquering tyrant
The two social groups that benefited most from the Revolution and Napoleon were
peasants and middle class
The charter issued by Louis XVIII in 1814 established
a limited constitutional monarchy (simular to 1791)
The abolition of many tiny German states and the old Holy Roman Empire and reorganization of fifteen German states into a confederation of the Rhine was the work of
During the Hundred Days
Napoleon returns from exile and rules France (briefly) he is defeated at the battle of waterloo
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