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44 terms

history ch. 21

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Eighteenth century liberals stressed
liberty and equality of individual rights but not economically of politically; everyone has equal opertunity
Generally, the people who did not support 18th century liberalism were the
common people (masses)
The group that met in 1787 to discuss tax reform was the
Assembly of Nobles
The legal definition of the composition of the prerevolutionary Third Estate included
Masses (everyone who was not nobility or clergy)
the men elected to represtent the third estate at the Estates General were primarily
lawyers and government officals
The grievance petitions from all three estates called for
constitutional monarchy (guarentee individual freedom and economic reform)
the major share of the tax burden in France was carried by the
peasants
most 18th century demands for liberty centered on
economic hardship, economic reform, equality of opportunity
the Tennis Court Oath was sworn by
estates general but most were from the 3rd estate
the group that announced that it was going to cut off Marie Antoinette's head, "tear out her heart, and fry her liver" was
women of paris
The term "Great Fear" refers to the
feeling of paroinia in the countryside in 1789, established flames of rebellion, led by vagabonds (homeless people) and outlaws
The French National Assembly was established by
delecates from the third estate
In the 1780's over 50% of France's annual budget was expended on
interest (for debt)
Causes of the outbreak of revolution in France in 1789
demand of the nobility for greater power and influence
The National Assembly that ruled France in 1789-1791 passed laws that
women were not allowed to vot and have political office
in the years 1789-1791 what actions did the National Assembly take?
introducing metric system and nationalizing catholic church
the accomplishments of the national assembly
reorganizing administration of the provinces
the participation of the common people of Paris in the revolution was initially attributable to
the soaring price of food
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen guaranteed
equality before the law, individual freedom, representative government for a soverign people
In the first stage of the Revolution the French established a
constitutionaly monarchy
During the early years of the French Revolution
women playe a crucial role
In 1789 the influential Abbe sieyes wrote a pamphlet in which he argued that France should be ruled by
people
Abbe Sieyes's answer to the Question "What is the Third Estate?" was that it was
everything
for the French peasants, the Revolution of 1789 meant
greater land ownership
The French Jacobins were
Revolutionary radicals
The life-and-death political struggle between the Girondins and the Mountain resulted mainly from
personal hatred and jealousy
The group that had the task of ridding France of any internal opposition to the revolutionary cause was the
committee of Public safety
The Reign of Terror was directed primarily at
any and all enimies of the revolution
During the reign of terror, the dominant person on the Committe of Public Safety was
Robespierre
The Committee on Public Safety was
appointed by executive committee of national convention
The Reign of Terror ended when
Robespierre was killed by the national convention
According to the text, why did the Directory continued French wars on conquest begun by early revolutionary governments
a means to temporarally solve economic problems (big armies employ lots of people)
French plicies in areas conquered by French armies resulted in
opposition to the French
According to the text the string of French military victories after the winter 1793-1794 was largely due to
the draft
Napoleon's plan to invade Britain was scrapped as a result of
The Battle of Trafalgar
British commander at Battle of Trafalgar
Lord Horasio Nelson??
The first sucessful revolt against Napoleon began in 1808 in
Spain
According to the text, the populations of the areas of Europe Napoleon conquered came to view him as
a conquering tyrant
The two social groups that benefited most from the Revolution and Napoleon were
peasants and middle class
The charter issued by Louis XVIII in 1814 established
a limited constitutional monarchy (simular to 1791)
Napoleon's Civil Code of 1804
Women secondary status (not good)
The abolition of many tiny German states and the old Holy Roman Empire and reorganization of fifteen German states into a confederation of the Rhine was the work of
napoleon
During the Hundred Days
Napoleon returns from exile and rules France (briefly) he is defeated at the battle of waterloo
During the September Massacres
perisian (people of paris) slaughtered inmates (people that opposed revolution)