35 terms

BJU World History Chapter 7

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Sanskrit
the most important language of ancient India
family
one of the most important social units in India
India
Where did Hinduism originate?
Brahman
great god of Hinduism
Brahmans
group at the top of the Indian caste system
the wheel of life
belief that a man's soul passes through many states (or rebirths) before it escapes the physical world
government
the goal of a learned Chinese man was a career in
Confucianism and Taoism
The heart of China's religious beliefs and practices came from
Confucious
Chinese teacher taught the importance of maintaining harmony and order in society by developing proper relationships
Japan
youngest of the major Asian civilizations
porcelain and silk
two chief exports of China
clan
basic social, religious, and political unit in early Japanese society
Shintoism
the native religion of Japan
China
which country had a profound effect of Japan's early history
samurai
Class of warriors in feudal Japan who pledged loyalty to a noble in return for land.
warrior
leading class in Japanese society
Chinggis Khan
destroyed Delhi, title given to the leader who united the Mongol tribes
army
led to success of Chinggis Khan
Ivan III
Grand Prince of Moscow
Tamerlane
destroyed Delhi, did without establishing a lasting empire
Moscow
growth weakened the Golden Horde
Aksum
converted to Christianity through the influence of Frumentius
Niger
river that provided the base for the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
Swahili
Bantu language with Arabic loanwords spoken in coastal regions of East Africa.
Mansa Musa
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.
Benin
a kingdom that arose near the Niger River delta in the 1300s and became a major West African state in the 1400s, known for its metalworking
slave trade
Which new trade opened as African trade transitioned from caravans to ships at port
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
2 civilizations based around the Indus River
Indian caste system
- simple division of society into four castes: Brahmin (Priests/Priestesses), Kshatriya (Warriors), Vaishya (Skilled Workers), Shudra (Unskilled workers), with the "Untouchables" (Dalit) below everyone
- arranged in a hierarchy
- socially the caste system was more complicated, with many more castes and sub-castes and other divisions (like Jati)
-caste was decided by birth
equally true , equally false
Hindus believe all religions to be
horsemanship
gave the Mongol army an advantage
Third Rome
Moscow
slave trade
Primary point of contact between Europeans and Africans by the 1500s
Hinduism
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms, great god called Brahman permeates everything in the universe, ultimate purpose of man is to unite his soul with Brahman,
Buddhism
built on works and good behavior, man does not need the help of gods or higher caste to obtain freedom from suffering, man will enter into nirvana once he has freed himself from suffering,