an object or action that means something beyond itself. The cross means Christianity, salvation, hope, etc.
main idea; universal lesson that is expressed by a work.
The writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject; his mood or moral view. A writer can be formal, informal, playful, ironic, and especially, optimistic or pessimistic.
the individual writing style of an author; a combination of idiotypical usage of syntax, diction, punctuation, character development, dialogue, etc., within a given body of text (or across several works).
Approximate, Near, or Slant rhyme
two words that have only their final consonant sounds and no preceding vowel or consonant sounds in common (such as stopped and wept, or parable and shell).
words that rhyme and occur at the ends of different lines of poetry
two words that rhyme within one line of poetry
the pattern of rhyme in a poem. To get the rhyme scheme, each line in the poem is assigned a letter.
repetition of a particular sound in the first syllables of a series of words and/or phrases. Ex: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
repetition of vowel sounds in successive words. Ex: The old ghost moaned soullessly.
repetition of consonant sounds, usually toward the end of a word. Ex: He sticks the hockey puck.
poem that tells a story
Songlike poetry that focuses on expressing private emotions or thoughts
fixed form poems
may be categorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rhythm, or stanzas.
songlike poem that tells a story with regular rhythms and rhyme scheme
14 line lyric poem that has a traditional rhyme scheme
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable.
unrhymed iambic pentameter most frequently used in English dramatic, epic, and reflective verse.
word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be understood on a literal level
giving human characteristics to non-human things, allows the reader to more directly relate to an object or idea
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally, as "to wait an eternity."
comparison of two things without connector (usually complex comparison)
comparison of two unlike things with connector (usually simple comparison)
figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or wheels for car
Terms of Contradiction
direct opposition between things compared
The arrangement of two or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development.
a character in a play who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in "cruel kindness" or "to make haste slowly."
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
meaning is opposite of what is said
what happens is opposite of what is expected
audience knows something that characters don't know
reference to a particular event or character in classical works of literature; often refers to mythology.
a reference, usually in literature, to actual events of the past
a reference, usually in literature, to books from a bible.
a reference, usually in literature, to Shakespearean works.
a reference, usually in literature, to popular culture, things one expects people to understand because one figures everybody knows about it.