45 terms

Poerty Terms

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Allusions
references to an object, person, or event from another literary work, history, society, etc., that the reader or viewer is expected to understand. Think of Family Guy.
Connotation
the other meanings or associations of the words. Words may trigger a response in a reader and cause the reader to make associations to the word. Ex: Terrorist: 9-11, Bin Laden, AL Qaeda, War on Terror
Denotation
the dictionary definition. Ex: Terrorist: a person who uses or advocates terrorism
Diction
the word choices that an author makes.
Imagery
refers to the details poets include that appeal to one of your senses; that is, the details cause you to feel something, hear something, smell something, taste something, or see something
Mood
In literature, a feeling, emotional state, or disposition of mind--especially the predominating atmosphere or tone of a literary work.
Point of View
1st person- I/we, 2nd person- you, 3rd person- he/ she/it/ they
Symbolism
an object or action that means something beyond itself. The cross means Christianity, salvation, hope, etc.
Theme
main idea; universal lesson that is expressed by a work.
Tone
The writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject; his mood or moral view. A writer can be formal, informal, playful, ironic, and especially, optimistic or pessimistic.
Voice
the individual writing style of an author; a combination of idiotypical usage of syntax, diction, punctuation, character development, dialogue, etc., within a given body of text (or across several works).
Approximate, Near, or Slant rhyme
two words that have only their final consonant sounds and no preceding vowel or consonant sounds in common (such as stopped and wept, or parable and shell).
End rhyme
words that rhyme and occur at the ends of different lines of poetry
Internal rhyme
two words that rhyme within one line of poetry
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem. To get the rhyme scheme, each line in the poem is assigned a letter.
Alliteration
repetition of a particular sound in the first syllables of a series of words and/or phrases. Ex: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds in successive words. Ex: The old ghost moaned soullessly.
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds, usually toward the end of a word. Ex: He sticks the hockey puck.
narrative poem
poem that tells a story
lyric poem
Songlike poetry that focuses on expressing private emotions or thoughts
fixed form poems
may be categorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rhythm, or stanzas.
Ballad
songlike poem that tells a story with regular rhythms and rhyme scheme
Sonnet
14 line lyric poem that has a traditional rhyme scheme
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable.
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter most frequently used in English dramatic, epic, and reflective verse.
Figurative Language
word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be understood on a literal level
Personification
giving human characteristics to non-human things, allows the reader to more directly relate to an object or idea
Hyperbole
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally, as "to wait an eternity."
Metaphor
comparison of two things without connector (usually complex comparison)
Simile
comparison of two unlike things with connector (usually simple comparison)
Synecdoche
figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or wheels for car
Terms of Contradiction
direct opposition between things compared
juxtaposition
The arrangement of two or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development.
dramatic foil
a character in a play who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.
irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
oxymoron
a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in "cruel kindness" or "to make haste slowly."
paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
verbal
meaning is opposite of what is said
situational
what happens is opposite of what is expected
dramatic
audience knows something that characters don't know
classical
reference to a particular event or character in classical works of literature; often refers to mythology.
historical
a reference, usually in literature, to actual events of the past
Biblical
a reference, usually in literature, to books from a bible.
Shakespearean
a reference, usually in literature, to Shakespearean works.
pop cultural
a reference, usually in literature, to popular culture, things one expects people to understand because one figures everybody knows about it.
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