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The introduction to a formal document, especially the Constitution

Popular Sovereignty

Political theory that government is subject to the will of the people


Favoring a republic, or representative democracy, as the best form of government


The sharing of power between federal and state governments

Enumerated Powers

Powers belonging only to the federal government

Reserved Powers

Powers retained by the states

Concurrent Powers

Powers shared by the states and the federal government


To alter; to improve

Implied Powers

Powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution

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