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66 terms

American Journey Chapter 7 number 2

STUDY
PLAY
depression
a period of low economic activity and widespread unemployment
manumission
the freeing of some enslaved persons
proportional
to be the same as or corresponding to
compromise
an agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants
Constitution
A plan of government
bicameral
a two house legislature to divide power
republic
a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
petition
to apply for
ordinance
a law
depreciate
to fall in value
abandon
to give up
clause
a condition added to a document
convention
a meeting
federalism
The sharing of power between the National government and the state governments
amend
to improve
legislative branch
law making branch of the government
executive branch
the branch that carries out the nation's laws and policies, headed by the president
judicial branch
the court system
checks and balances
ways to limit a branch of the government so that so single branch can not dominate the government
Electoral College
how the president and vice president are elected. made up by a special group or presidential electors
tradition
cultural beliefs and practices
reside
exists
Preamble
Introduction
popular sovereignty
authority of the people
republicanism
voters hold sovereign power
federalism
the government system in which the power to govern is shared between the national government and the states
reserved powers
powers retained by the states, including schools, marriage and divorce laws, regulating instate trade. 10th A says powers not granted to Fed are reserved for the States
enumerated powers
Powers belonging only to the Federal Government, including coining money, regulating interstate and foreign trade, armed forces, and federal courts
concurrent powers
powers shared by state and federal government, incl raising taxes, borrow money, public welfare, administer criminal justice
implied powers
powers not specifically defined in the COnstitution
diminish
to reduce
constitution
principles or laws of a country
enumeration
a census or population count
impeachment
to bringing of charges against an official
president pro tempore
presiding officer of Senate who serves when the Vice President is absent
indictment
charging of a person for an offense
quorum
the minimum number f members that must be present to conduct sessions
adjourn
to suspend a session
emolument
salary
bill
the draft of a proposed law
revenue
income raised by a government
resolution
legislature's formal expression of opinion
impost
tax
naturalization
procedure by which a citizen of a foreign nation becomes a citizen of the United States
tribunal
a court
letter of marque
authority given to a citizen to outfit an armed ship and use it to attack enemy ships in time of war
reprisal
taking by force property or territory belonging to another country or to its citizens
original jurisdiction
authority to be the first court to hear a case
appellate jurisdiction
authority to hear cases that have been appealed from lower courts
treason
violation of the allegiance owed by a person to their country for example, aiding an enemy
amendment
a change to the Constitution
ratification
the process by which an amendment is approved
quarter
to provide living accomadations
warrant
a document that gives police particular rights or powers
probable cause
a reasonable basis to believe a person is linked to a crime
common law
law established by previous court decisions
bail
money that an accused person provides to the court as a guarantee that they will be present for a trail
majority
more than half
devolve
to pass on
abridge
to reduce
insurrection
rebellion against the government
emancipation
freedom from slavery
apportionment
the distribution of seats in the House based upon population
president elect
the individual who is elected president but who has not yet begun serving their term
District
the site of the Nation's capital, occupying the area between Maryland and Virginia
vacancy
an office or position tat is unfilled or unoccupied