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Arts and Humanities
History of Theater
Greek Drama and Antigone
Greek Drama and Antigone
Terms in this set (31)
Greek Drama developed from__
Religious rituals to honor Dionysus (God of Wine and Fertility) _.
dancing and singing to a flute around an altar
Stages: 6th Century BC, became a___
yearly festival in Athens at an amphitheater
Stages: Worshipers became___and began to___
chorus___compete for prizes
Stages: Thespis changes_____and tells stories about____he adds _____
hymn to songs _____ heroes or other gods;____ 1st actor.
Aeschylus added the
Play types: Tragedy—
A serious treatment of religious and mythic questions, with heroic characters and unhappy endings.
Play types: Satyr—
Comic or lewd (ill mannered) treatment of the same things of tragedies.
Play types: Comedy—
Regular people—not heroes and happy endings.
Structure:The chorus is an___because____The choragos is the____ and may help them_____
integral part of the plot progression ____they help interpret the meaning of the play. _____ leader of the chorus ____converse with or for the group to reveal their thoughts__.
Structure: The play opens with the_____which explains____
prologue___background of the conflict
Structure: The chorus enters and sings the___Then, the first scene____
Structure: It ends with the chorus singing an___which functions much like a___
ode___Curtin would divide the scenes.
Presentation: Amphitheater—2 parts-Orchestra-
The front rounded section where the chorus sing and dance
Where actors spoke their lines and did their scenes
Masks:They ___ the actors' voices.
Masks:They are stylized into_____
familiar character types to be easily recognized by the audience.
Masks:They allowed actors to ____
play several different characters without confusing the audience.
Sophocles (496-406 B.C.E.)
1. One of the greatest and the most influential Greek play rights
2. A General, political leader, and a priest
3. Won 1st price in tragedies at the festival beating Aeschylus
4. Won 24 first prices and 7 second prices
5. In his works he expressed concerns relating to the individuals need to find a place in the existing (world, morally) moral and cosmic order
6. suggested themes and lessons that caution against pride and religious indifference in his writings.
1. Sophocles added a 3rd actor,
2. Introduced painted sets
3. increased the number of chorus members from 12-15
The Oedipus Myth- The 3 Theban plays: Oedipus the King is about_____
Oedipus's rise to the throne and his downfall
The Oedipus Myth- The 3 Theban plays: Oedipus at Colonus is about _____
his exile (forced to leave) and death
The Oedipus Myth- The 3 Theban plays: Antigone is about ___
the titled characters choosing to break the kings law rather than break religious law.
Tragedy and the Tragic Hero: Aristotle-
Greek philosopher who defines Greek Tragedy based on his observations on Greek drama.
Tragedy and the Tragic Hero: Tragedy functions to____which leads to the____Catharsis___
arouse pity and fear in members of audience so that they may purge or cleanse those unsettling emotions, ___the pleasurable sense of emotional release.____term for this emotional purge and the subsequent feeling of pleasure.
Tragedy and the Tragic Hero: Tragic hero___
is the hero or protagonist of the play or tragedy he or she possesses the following characteristic
Characteristics: He is neither ____ nor ____.
completely good___completely bad
Characteristics: 2. He is "highly renowned or prosperous"
They are good at life
Characteristics: 3. According to Aristotle, he is responsible for his own downfall due to a(n)____
"error or frailty."
Debate:Tragic Flaw— fundamental character weakness.
Some part of you that's wrong that leads to the problem or Single error in judgment
By the end of the play, hero recognizes his own error and____tragic consequences, and is ____and______by the tragedy.
accepts_____humbled __ enlightened
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