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Ap Human Geography | Culture Unit Vocab
Terms in this set (73)
Law that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
Ex. Society where white people are considered superior and people of other races are mistreated [segregation]
In the context of local cultures or customs, the accuracy with which a single stereotypical, typecast image or experience conveys an otherwise dynamic and complex local culture or its customs.
Ex. Jazz being associated with African American culture
Techniques used to track sound shifts "backwards" toward the original language
Ex. Reproducing Proto-Indo-European
The dramatic increase in Hispanic population in a given neighborhood
ex. Miami, FL
Strict social segregation of people on the basis of ancestry and occupation
Ex. India dividing hindus into four categories
Giving a monetary value to something that wasn't previously regarded as merchandise.
Example: A celebrity's using a tissue or object, then it becoming valuable
a stable language resulting from the blend of two or more languages which often doesn't include feautures of either
The process in which cultures adopt aspects from another culture for their own benefit
Ex. The U.S. colonies adapting the ancient Greek's idea of democracy
Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations; ideas or practices unacceptable in that particular culture.
Ex. Behavior constraints (Each culture has its own rules about proper behavior which affect verbal and nonverbal communication).
Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group.
Ex. The Colosseum
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
Ex: Beliefs, Language, Values, Routine Living Habits
Practices followed by the people of a particular cultural group.
Ex. Muslims praying 7 times a day
A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
Ex. Eastern Orthodox is a denomination of Christianity.
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Ex. British English
A set of contiguous dialects in which the dialects nearest to each other at any place in the chain are most closely related
Ex. English more similar in New York and New Jersey than it is in New York and Texas
A dispersion of people from their homeland
ex. Jews living outside Israel
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Ex. France is more likely to have a closer and fore frequent relationship with Germany than it is with China.
An area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background
Ex. Little Havana in Miami
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
Ex. African American's
appeal primarily to one group of people living in one place
Ex. Hinduism in Southeast Asia
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
Ex. Ethnocentric behavior would be if a tourist on a holiday judges the destination based upon his comparison with his native place.
Extinct/ Dead Language
Language without any native speakers.
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Ex. The Hutterites
In psychology, the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define by.
Ex. Male, female, or non-binary.
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
The cultural borrowing and mixing of ideas
Ex. A Japanese Disney World
The language used most commonly around the world; defined on the basis of either the number of speakers of the language, or prevalence of use in commerce and trade
The process by which people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes
Ex. Chinese Food
A pilgrimage to Mecca, performed as a duty by Muslims
Ex. One of the Five Pillars of Islam
The region from which innovative ideas originate. This relates to the important concept of the spreading of ideas from one area to another (diffusion).
Ex. Asian countries w/ technology!
describing some one as "different" and saying that we are not "different"
Ex. Bases for racism during colonization
individual components of their self-concept related to the groups to which they belong
Ex. Gender, Age, Ethnicity, Race.
Originating in and characteristic of a particular region
The boundaries between the world's major faiths.
Ex. Christianity, Muslim, and Buddhism
The boundaries within a single major faith.
EX. Muslim Sunni and Shia
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
Ex. Centum-Satem Isogloss, North-Midland Isogloss
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Ex. Attacks on the World Trade Center
our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning
The collapsing of two languages into one resulting from the consistent spatial interaction of people with different languages.
Ex. Maltese and English into Malta
new languages are formed when a language breaks into dialects
Ex. Spanish and Portuguese
Group of languages with a shared but fairly distant origin
Ex. Indo-European, Afro-Asiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Niger-Congo, Saharan, Sudanic
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
A group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community, who share experiences, customs, and traits, and who work to preserve those traits and customs in order to claim uniqueness and to distinguish themselves from others.
Ex. The amish in North America
the physical things created by members of a society
Ex. These include homes, neighborhoods, cities, schools, churches, synagogues, temples, mosques, offices, factories and plants, tools, means of production, goods and products, stores, and so forth.
Tower attached to a Muslim mosque, having one or more projecting balconies from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer.
Ex. Char Minar Hyderabad
speaking or writing only one language
Ex. Only being able to communicate in English.
believing in one god
countries in which more than one language is spoken
Ex. The United States
The ability of two people to understand each other when speaking
Ex. Two people understanding Spanish or another foreign language!
The seeking out of the regional culture and reinvigoration of it in response to the uncertainty of the modern world.
Ex. local music scenes
Ideas, knowledge and beliefs that influence people's behavior, not physical objects.
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Ex. Mexico's official language is Spanish
When parts of two or more languages are combined in a simplified structure and vocabulary
Ex. Chinook Wawa
Spiritual journey, but some pilgrimages deal with other kinds of devotion.
Ex. Every August 16th, Elvis Presley fans from around the country make a pilgrimage to his famous former home, Graceland, to commemorate the anniversary of his death.
the loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next
Ex. A road with popular stores that looks like it could be anywhere in the U.S.
belief in more than one god
Ex. Greeks who worshipped Zeus, Athena and the gang.
Cultural traits that merge into the mainstream media.
Ex. dress, diet, and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced, western societies
A group of human beings distinguished by physical traits, blood types, genetic code patterns or genetically inherited characteristics.
Ex. African Americans, Asia, white, Mexican, etc.
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
Ex. Discrimination of Asians
A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
Ex. Most of the time comes from a reputation or low income areas.
the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.
Ex. Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist
large and fundamental division within a religion ex. Christianity's roman catholic
the performing of extreme acts with guidance and/or ruling from your specific religion - A form of Fundamentalism that often uses violence
the demand for a strict and extreme adherence to a certain religious or moral doctrine
Ex. Teachings of a particular religious leader, prophet,and/ or God .
A location that is held by a certain religion to be holy and worthy of reverence.
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
Ex. Community of the Lady of All Peoples, also know as the Army of Mary.
An indifference to religion and a belief that religion should be excluded from civic affairs and public education.
Ex. The principles of separation of church and state and of keeping religion out of the public school system
is a religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition. It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith.
Ex. Elevated legal status of muslims over non-muslims
A slight change in a word across languages within a sub-family or through a language family.
Ex. Milk-lacte, latta, leche, lait
Eight-oto, otto, ocho
divisions within a language family where the commonalities are more definite and the origin is more recent
Ex. the Indo-Iranian subfamily of Indo-European
a blending of beliefs and practices from different religions into one faith
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
Ex. Hate Speech and Slurs
Attempt to be global, appeal to all people rather than just a group of people while an ethnic religion appeals primarily to one group of people living in one place.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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AP Human Geography Chapter 6 (Religion) Vocabulary
AP Human Geography Unit 6: Economic Sectors
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