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Government Chapter 25: Local Government and Finance
Terms in this set (25)
A major unit of local government in most States.
A subdivision of a county.
An urban political unit within a township that usually exists as a separate government entity.
An independent unit created to perform one or more related governmental functions at the local level.
The process by which a State establishes a city as a legal body.
A city's basic law, its constitution; a written grant of authority from the king.
The oldest and most widely used type of city government- an elected mayor as the chief executive and an elected council as its legislative body.
A type of government in which the mayor heads the city's administration.
A type of government in which the mayor shares his or her executive duties with other elected officials.
A government formed by commissioners, heads of different departments of city government, who are popularly elected to form the city council and thus center both legislative and executive powers in one body.
A modification of the mayor - Council government, it consists of a strong council of members elected or non-partisan ballot, a weak mayor, elected by the people, and a manager, name by the council.
The practice of dividing a city into a number of districts and regulating the uses to which property in each of them may be put.
A city and the area around it.
A program administered by the State to provide medical insurance to low-income families.
Cash assistance to the poor.
A benefit that federal law says must be paid to all those who meet the eligibility requirements, e.g., Medicare, food stamps, and veterans' pension.
A tax placed on the sale of various commodities, paid by the purchaser.
A tax levied at a flat rate, without regard to level of a taxpayer's income or ability to pay.
A tax levied on the income of individuals and/or corporations.
A type of tax proportionate to income.
A tax levied on real and personal property.
The process of determining the value of property to be taxed.
A tax levied on the beneficiary's share of an estate.
A levy imposed on the assets of one who dies.
A financial plan for the use of money, personnel, and property.