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25 terms

Global History Unit III

Review for the Renaissance and Reformation Unit of study.
STUDY
PLAY
Renaissance Spirit
A renewed interest in the classics and the questioning spirit all reflect this.
Reformation Effects
The power of the church in Europe was Weakened. New Christian denominations emerged.
Reformation Causes
Questioning or traditional authority. Kings and princes resented Church's power. Church corruption.
Humanism
The emphasis on the importance of the individual and an appreciation of individual achievement.
The Questioning Spirit
This encouraged people during the Renaissance and Reformation to question traditional authority.
Individualism
A societal condition necessary o the development of Greek philosophy and Renaissance art.
The Bible
Martin Luther suggested this piece of literature be changed into the vernacular to change the church practices.
Renaissance Characteristics
Creativity in the arts and the development of the questioning spirit.
Artistic Achievement
The development of works of art due to the creation of a wealthy leisure class.
Petrarch
"The Father of Humanism"
Renaissance
The era which saw the "rebirth" of Greek and Roman cultures.
Henry VIII
This English king broke away from the church due to the pope's refusal to grant him a divorce.
The Printing Press
This invention helped to promote the rapid spread of ideas.
Johannes Gutenberg
This individual created the printing press helping spread the ideas of the Protestant Reformation.
Patrons
These wealthy bankers and merchants helped stimulate the economies of Northern Italy.
The Book of the Courtier
Authored by Castiglione, this book described the ideal Renaissance man.
Renaissance Man
An educated individual having a broad education in many areas.
Predestination
The belief that God had chosen who could be saved.
John Calvin
Religious reformer who believed in predestination.
Florence Italy
The ideal Renaissance city, with plenty of money, artists, and the wealthy Medici Family.
Rules of Perspective
This artistic technique helps to make Renaissance paintings more realistic.
Machiavelli
The political philosopher who authored the book "The Prince"
"The End Justifies the Means"
This political slogan of Machiavelli, advises Renaissance princes to do whatever it takes to maintain power.
African Slaves
Europeans utilized this group of people to provide the new colonies of the Western Hemisphere with cheap labor.
Easter Trade Routes
Europeans looking to eliminate the Arab middle men with Eastern Trade, sough new trade routes.