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Review for the Renaissance and Reformation Unit of study.

Renaissance Spirit

A renewed interest in the classics and the questioning spirit all reflect this.

Reformation Effects

The power of the church in Europe was Weakened. New Christian denominations emerged.

Reformation Causes

Questioning or traditional authority. Kings and princes resented Church's power. Church corruption.


The emphasis on the importance of the individual and an appreciation of individual achievement.

The Questioning Spirit

This encouraged people during the Renaissance and Reformation to question traditional authority.


A societal condition necessary o the development of Greek philosophy and Renaissance art.

The Bible

Martin Luther suggested this piece of literature be changed into the vernacular to change the church practices.

Renaissance Characteristics

Creativity in the arts and the development of the questioning spirit.

Artistic Achievement

The development of works of art due to the creation of a wealthy leisure class.


"The Father of Humanism"


The era which saw the "rebirth" of Greek and Roman cultures.

Henry VIII

This English king broke away from the church due to the pope's refusal to grant him a divorce.

The Printing Press

This invention helped to promote the rapid spread of ideas.

Johannes Gutenberg

This individual created the printing press helping spread the ideas of the Protestant Reformation.


These wealthy bankers and merchants helped stimulate the economies of Northern Italy.

The Book of the Courtier

Authored by Castiglione, this book described the ideal Renaissance man.

Renaissance Man

An educated individual having a broad education in many areas.


The belief that God had chosen who could be saved.

John Calvin

Religious reformer who believed in predestination.

Florence Italy

The ideal Renaissance city, with plenty of money, artists, and the wealthy Medici Family.

Rules of Perspective

This artistic technique helps to make Renaissance paintings more realistic.


The political philosopher who authored the book "The Prince"

"The End Justifies the Means"

This political slogan of Machiavelli, advises Renaissance princes to do whatever it takes to maintain power.

African Slaves

Europeans utilized this group of people to provide the new colonies of the Western Hemisphere with cheap labor.

Easter Trade Routes

Europeans looking to eliminate the Arab middle men with Eastern Trade, sough new trade routes.

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