24 terms

Modern America Vocab

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Affirmative Action
an active effort to improve the employment or educational opportunities of members of minority groups and women
brinkmanship
the willingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down
blue collar job
workers in the manual labor field, particularly those requiring protective clothing
containment
the policy or process of preventing the expansion of hostile power
closed shop
an agreement in which a company agrees to hire only union members
counterculture
A culture with values and beliefs different than the mainstream
conservative
A person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom.
due process
a judicial requirement that laws may not treat individuals unfairly, arbitrarily, or unreasonably, and that courts must follow proper procedures and rules when trying cases
de facto segregation
segregation by custom and tradition
Domino Theory
the belief that if one nation in Asia fell to the Communists, neighboring countries would follow
dove
a person in favor of the US withdrawing from the Vietnam War
detente
a policy that attempts to relax or ease tensions between nations
ethnic cleansing
the expulsion, imprisonment, or killing of ethnic minorities by a dominant majority group
glasnost
a Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues and freer dissemination of news and information
hawk
someone who believed the United States should continue its military efforts in Vietnam
hippies
Refers to young Americans, especially during the 1960s, who reject the conventions of established society
Iron Curtain
the political and military barrier that isolated Soviet controlled countries of Eastern Europe after WWII
liberal
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
Perestroika
a policy of economic and government restructuring instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union in the 1980s
refugee
someone leaving his or her country due to a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular group or political opinion
satellite nation
nations politically and economically dominated or controlled by another more powerful country
union shop
a business that requires employees to join a union
white collar job
jobs in fields not requiring work clothes or protective clothing, such as sales
yuppie
a young college-educated adult who is employed in a well-paying profession and who lives and works in or near a large city
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