29 terms

3. Forming a Government: Turkey vs. Cake.


Terms in this set (...)

Constitution of the United States was written.
Amending the Constitution
Needs approval of two-thirds of Congress and three-fourths of the states, layer 5 of the Cake.
Opponents of the American Constitution at the time when the states were contemplating its adoption.
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
an agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions.
Constitutional Convention of 1787
The meeting of state delegates in 1787 in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
Constitutional Republic
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws. Also governed by a body of law.
Creation and Ratification of the Constitution
(1776-1787) - founding fathers create a new government due to the inabilities of the Articles of Confederation providing strength to the new country.
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Federalist Papers
A collection of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison under the name "Publius" to defend the Constitution in detail.
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
First Amendment
5 freedoms: speech, press, religion, assembly, petition.
Free Speech and Press
Two important rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Bill of Rights' First Amendment.
George Mason
was an Anti-Federalist who strongly opposed the ratification of the Constitution.
Great Compromise
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states of the colonies. The Great Compromise resolved that there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives, and equal representation would exist in the Senate. Each state, regardless of size, would have 2 senators.
Individual Rights
Basic liberties and rights of all citizens are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
James Madison
"Father of the Constitution," Federalist leader, and fourth President of the United States.
Limited Government
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
Naturalized Citizen of the United States
a person who is not born a US citizen who goes through the legal process of becoming a US citizen
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania), established conditions for self-government and statehood, included a Bill of Rights, and permanently prohibited slavery
Popular Sovereignty
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
Protective Tariff
A tax on imported goods that raises the price of imports so people will buy domestic goods
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.
Separation of Powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
Three-Fifths Compromise
Agreement that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person in determining representation in the House for representation and taxation purposes (negated by the 13th amendment)
U.S. Constitution
The document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of the U.S. government and the tasks these institutions perform. It replaced the Articles of Confederation.
Writing of the U.S. Constitution
1787: to get rid of the Articles of Confederation