Two important rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Bill of Rights' First Amendment.
was an Anti-Federalist who strongly opposed the ratification of the Constitution.
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states of the colonies. The Great Compromise resolved that there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives, and equal representation would exist in the Senate. Each state, regardless of size, would have 2 senators.
Basic liberties and rights of all citizens are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
"Father of the Constitution," Federalist leader, and fourth President of the United States.
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
Naturalized Citizen of the United States
a person who is not born a US citizen who goes through the legal process of becoming a US citizen
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania), established conditions for self-government and statehood, included a Bill of Rights, and permanently prohibited slavery
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
A tax on imported goods that raises the price of imports so people will buy domestic goods
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.
Separation of Powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
Agreement that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person in determining representation in the House for representation and taxation purposes (negated by the 13th amendment)
The document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of the U.S. government and the tasks these institutions perform. It replaced the Articles of Confederation.