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Arts and Humanities
Old World History & Geography Chapter 7
Terms in this set (42)
What is unique about the Sahara?
It is the largest desert in the world
Why is the Sinai Peninsula sometimes referred to as a land bridge?
Because people cross it on their way between Egypt and Israel
What is the longest river in the world?
Why is Egypt called the "Gift of the Nile"?
Without the Nile Egypt would be a desert; overflow deposits rich soil along the river
Upon what did Egyptians base their seasons?
The annual flooding of the Nile
Who was considered to be the "King of Upper and Lower Egypt"?
What title did Egyptian kings give themselves
Who was next in importance to the king?
What were the huge stone structures built as tombs for burying pharaohs called?
What is the most famous and largest of these tombs still standing today?
The Great Pyramid
What does the Great Sphinx look like?
The head of a man and the body, legs, and paws of a lion
What interesting pharaoh was buried in the Valley of the Kings?
Why did most Egyptians choose mostly white as a color to wear?
Because white is the most comfortable color to wear in a hot, dry climate
What pet was considered sacred by the Egyptians?
A piece of land that has slowly built up over the years by the deposit of loose sand and soil at the mouth of a river
A large bed of rocks piled in the river that produces waterfalls
A period of a serious shortage of food
Ruler of Egypt; "great house"
Next in importance to the Egyptian king
An irrigation device; a long pole with a bucket tied on one end
A preserved body
Tombs built for the pharaohs
A tall pointed pillar built to honor the Egyptian sun god
A secretary to a ruler
A box to hold paints
A long roll of papyrus or paper
Egyptian system of picture writing
King of Upper and Lower Egypt
The first pharaoh
Built the great pyramid as his tomb
A vizier mentioned in the Bible
Ancient Egypt's only woman pharaoh
The pharaoh whose tomb is more famous than he
What peninsula has been a land bridge between Africa and Asia?
What is the world's longest river?
Because the fertile land in Egypt ends so abruptly, what did the ancient Egyptians call their land?
Red Land, Black Land
What is the largest of the pyramids standing today?
What famous monument has the head of a man and the body of a lion?
What do we all call the area near Thebes that the pharaohs used as a cemetery?
Valley of the Kings
What color did most ancient Egyptians wear? Why?
White; Probably because it reflects the sun's heat, making it the most comfortable
List the three Egyptian seasons and the type of work done during each season
Flood Season: Building Projects
Planting Season: plant crops, work on irrigation projects
Harvest Season: gather their crop
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