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Vocabulary terms and people associated with the founding of Rome, the Roman Republic, and the early Roman Empire.
Terms in this set (46)
Wealthy, land-holding, upper-class, group of powerful Romans. (They were the rich people of Rome.)
Common, regular people of Rome. They were the farmers, artisans, and merchants who had little wealth or power. They elected tribunes to represent them in government. (They were the poor people of Rome.)
The law-makers of Rome. Made up of 300 members from the Patricians. They served for life.
Two officials who headed the Roman Republic government. They were elected by the Senate. One managed the government and the other commanded the army.
People who represented the Plebians in government.
"I forbid" - to forbid/prevent a law from going into effect. Consuls could veto each other's laws.
A person who was given total power in times of crisis. But the power was temporary.
It is a government by 3 (tri) people with equal power.
He was made dictator (absolute ruler) in 45BC. He realized Rome needed reforms, so he gave land to the poor and increased the Senate to 900 members. By increasing the number of Senators, he weakened the Senate's power. He was assassinated by some senators 44BC.
A prisoner, criminal, or slave who served as a professional fighter in Rome. The most famous place they fought at was the Colosseum.
The river where Rome was founded.
Lived in a region just north of Rome called Etruria. Conquered the Romans in 616BC. Introduced the arch and army structure to the Romans.
A government where some citizens have the right to elect their leaders.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); Rome won all 3 wars and Carthage was destroyed. Rome became the dominant power in the western Mediterranean.
Carthaginian military commander in the 2nd Punic War. Attempted a surprise attack on Rome by crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
Land surrounded by water on three sides. Greece and Italy are both peninsulas.
207 year period of peace in Rome.
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
The ruler of an empire.
The title given to a Roman ruler.
A word that Romans used to refer to anyone outside the empire who did not share in the Greek or Roman cultures. Some barbarian tribes were the Vandals, the Visogoths, the Ostrogoths, the Huns.
To punish people for their religious beliefs.
Someone willing to die for what they believe in.
execution involving being nailed to a cross and dying through suffocation
A religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
the first emperor of the Roman Empire
a professional soldier, typically with no loyalty to the country that hired them
someone who travels to spread their religion
Jesus's followers who went on to spread His message
Paul of Tarsus
one of the first Christian missionaries; he wrote several books of the Bible
divided the Roman Empire into 2 parts because it had gotten too big to manage
the name given to Byzantium after it was made the new capital of the Roman Empire; it was the capital of the Eastern Empire
the official language of Rome; named for the people who settled the city
a Roman engineering feat that brought fresh water from up to a hundred miles away to Roman cities
an amphitheater that was used for gladiator fights and other types of entertainment
a Roman temple dedicated to all the Roman gods
an open area near government buildings where Romans would go to express their ideas and discuss politics
a Roman invention that enabled buildings to be built quickly while still remaining strong
Capital of the Roman Empire
Protected Rome from the West
Protected Rome from the North
Protected Rome from the South
Protected Rome from the South
Farthest north area conquered by Rome
This is where Christianity was founded (during the Pax Romana)
Phoenician city-state that went to war with Rome in the Punic Wars
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
geography pt. 1
geography list pt. 2
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