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Chapter 9 criminology
Terms in this set (20)
Contrary to the established criminological theories that explain motivation, environmental criminology begins with the assumption that
some people are criminally motivated.
The term "victimology" was coined in 1947 by
A "lifestyle theory of victimization" was developed by ________ in 1978.
Hindelang, Gottfredson, and Garofalo
The term "victim precipitation" was coined by
Measures such as steering-column locks, vandal-resistant construction, enhanced street lighting, and improved library checkout systems that demonstrably decrease opportunities for crime are known as ________.
________ theory looks at crime in terms of an offender's decision to commit a specific offense at a particular time and place.
The rational-choice perspective is based on what two main theoretical approaches?
utilitarianism and economic choice theory
________ is the commission of a quantitatively similar crime at a different time or place.
Which of the following is not a typology of frequent auto theft offenders?
freelance car thief
Rational-choice theory, unlike traditional theories, is not concerned with strategies of
overall crime prevention.
The rational-choice perspective assumes that
people make the decision to commit crime with a goal in mind and with free will
From the rational-choice perspective, characteristics fall into what two distinct categories?
those of the offender and those of the offense
Which of the following is not one of the components of the routine-activity approach?
monetary yield per crime
The routine-activity approach does not explore
the factors that influence the offender's decision to commit a crime.
Tactical displacement, one of the five forms of displacement identified by Marcus Felson and Ronald Clarke, means that ________.
one method of committing crime can be substituted for another
Wright and Decker found that street robbers frequently victimize all but which of the following?
Situational theories are sometimes called choice theories.
The rational-choice perspective posits that most crime is the product of a deranged mind.
Victim precipitation refers to situations where the victims initiate the confrontation that leads to their death.
The rational-choice perspective provides the foundation for designing situational-crime-prevention techniques.
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