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glass or plastic; common sizes are 50mL,100mL,250mL,400mL;may be heated and used as container


glass; common sizes are 25 and 50 mL; used to measure volumes of solutions in titrations

ceramic square

used under hot apparatus or glassware


may be fastened to support apparatus.

Types of clamps

buret/test tube clamp, clamp holder, double buret clamp, ring clamp, 3-pronged jaw clamp

clay triangle

wire frame with porcelain supports; used to support the crucible


glass; used in distillation procedures

crucible and cover

porcelain; used to heat small amounts of solid substances at high temperatures.

crucible tongs

iron or nickel; used to pick up and hold small items.

dropper pipet

glass tip with rubber bulb; used to transfer small volumes of liquid.

erlenmeyer flask

glass; common sizes are 100mL, 250mL; may be heated; used in titrations.

evaporating dish

porcelain; used to contain small volumes of liquid being evaporated.

florence flask

glass; common sizes are 125mL, 250mL,500mL; may be heated; used in making and for storing solutions.


metal; used to hold or pick up small objects.


glass or plastic; common size holds 12.5cm diameter filter paper

Gas burner (Bunsen burner)

constructed of metal; connected in a gas supply with rubber tubing; used to heat chemicals[dry or in solutions] in beakers, test tubes and crucibles.

Gas collecting tube

glass; marked mL in intervals; used to measure gas volumes.

Glass rod with nichrome wire

used in flame tests

Graduated cylinder

glass or plastic; common sizes are 10mL, 50mL, 100mL; used to measure approximate volumes; must not be heated.

Graduated Pipet

glass; common sizes are 10mL, 25mL; used to measure solution in volumes; less accurate than a volumetric pipet.

Mortar and Pestle

porcelain; may be used to grind crystals and lumpy chemicals to powder.

Pipet Bulb

rubber; used in filling pipet with a solution: a pipet must never be filled by mouth.

plastic wash bottle

flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.

platform balance

also known as triple beam balance.

pneumatic trough

galavanized container with shelf; used in experiments where gas is collected.

ring stand

metal rod fixed upright in heavy metal base; has many uses as support

rubber stoppers

has many several sizes

rubber tubing

used to connect apparatus to transfer liquid or gases.

safety goggles

plastic; must be worn all times while working in the laboratory.

screw clamp (pinch clamp)

metal; used to block off rubber tubing.


metal or porcelain; used to transfer solid chemicals


metal or porcelain; used to transfer solid chemicals, has a larger capacity compared to spatula.

stirring rod and rubber policeman

glass with rubber sleeve; used to stir, assist in pouring liquids, and for removing precipitates from a container.

test-tube brush

bristles with wire handle; used to scrub small diameter glassware.

test-tube holder

spring metal; used to hold test tubes or glass tubing.

test-tube rack

wood or plastic; holds test tubes in a vertical position.

test tube

glass; common sizes small(13 mm x 100 mm), medium(20mm x 150mm), large(25x200mm); may be heated.


mercury in glass; common range -10 degrees celcius to 110 degrees celcius.

triangular file

metal; used to scratch glass tubing prior to breaking to desired length.


iron; used to support containers of chemicals above the flame of the burner.

volumetric pipet

glass; common sizes are 10mL, 25mL; used to measure solution volumes accurately; must not be heated.

watch glass

glass; used to cover evaporating dish or beaker.

wide-mouth bottle

glass; used with pneumatic trough.

wire gauze

used to spread heat of a burner flame.

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