27 terms

English I/II Common Core Literary Terms

A list of common devices explored within the English 9-10 grade band.
STUDY
PLAY
point of view
The perspective from which a story is told
theme
A message about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader.
central idea
A statement that sums up or encapsulates the major ideas of a text
stanza
A group of lines in a poem
evidence
Examples, ideas, or direct excerpts(quotations) from the text that support your assertion by providing examples of the claim you make in your assertion
dual meaning
A word or phrase that can be understood more than one way; sometimes ironic, sometimes a pun
statement
A sentence.
rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
first-person point-of-view
A character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself
third person point-of-view
An unknown narrator outside the action is telling the story (unbiased & objective).
internal conflict
A struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character
external conflict
A character struggles against some outside force: another character, society as a whole, or some natural force
assumption
A belief or statement based on little or no proof.
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
setting
The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs.
connotation
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
rhetorical question
A question asked to emphasize a point; no answer is expected.
objective summary
A short statement or paragraph that tells what an text is about without personal opinions.
text structure
The author's method of organizing text (compare-contrast, main idea-details; listing; chronological)
oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase (biitersweet; agree to disagree)
author's purpose
The reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express, & entertain)
figurative language
All uses of language that imply an imaginative comparison (simile, metaphor, personification, etc.)
metaphor
A figure of speech in which a comparison is implied but not stated, such as "This winter is a bear."
simile
A comparison using like or as.
phrase
A group of words, not a complete sentence
dialogue
Conversation between characters
alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds.