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Chapter 3: Civilizations in Mesopotamia
Terms in this set (42)
rivers that flow into larger rivers
high flat land
a plain formed from fine soil left by streams
a layer of fertile sand and tiny rocks
a walled-in city and the farmland around it
a governing system ruled by a king or queen
power over religion, economy, and everyday life
the belief in many gods
groups of traders that travel together on long journeys
led an excavation at Ur, uncovered layers of ruins
the building style
new ways of doing things/inventions
written records usually on clay tablets. Can take notes for crops about seasons, successful planting techniques, what plants do well, etc.
the tallest building in every city-state. The top room held a shrine to the city's god.
700ish wedge-shaped symbols
people who could write and record for others. Recorded government, songs and stories, boundary lines, trade/food, lists of kings, wars
ruler of Lagash. Created laws to protect the poor.
Created the first written laws. Oldest record of laws.
gods that Sumerians believed controlled nature
One of the first civilization between the Tigris and Euphrates. Contains 12 city-states. Slaves were on the bottom of their social structure, merchants, scribes, craftworkers and farmers were in the middle, and the king and his family, nobles, priests, and military leaders were on the top.
A large civilization within the Fertile Crescent. Sumer was a part of Mesopotamia.
A city-state near Sumer
A city-state in Sumer. Not with Urukagina.
A city-state in Sumer
Invented bronze, 360 day calendar, iku (modern day acre), plows with funnels, 60-based time, irrigation, almanacs, and writing.
Had a huge Ziggurat at the city center.
Nile, Huang He, Tigris and Euphrates, Indus
What are the major river systems where the earliest civilizations developed?
3500 B.C.: In Kish, picture symbols on clay tablets. 3100 B.C.: In Uruk, many tablets with cuneiform.
What is the development of Sumerian writing?
City officials lived right next to temples.
Describe the role of government and religion in Sumer.
They constantly experimented with innovations and technology.
How did the people in Mesopotamia achieve all they did?
Large amounts of land a varied people under one control
a leader of an empire
a permanent army of paid soldiers
a required payment from one ruler to a more powerful ruler
Code of Hammurabi
282 laws about family, taxes, land, business, etc.
King of city-state of Babylon. Created Babylonian Empire. Collected laws among all city states to create the Code of Hammurabi.
Leader of army that attacks Sumer, Kish, and other city-states. Set up the capital city of Akkad.
Capital of Akkadian Empire
By the 700s B.C., the Assyrians ruled the largest empire in the world. Introduced the battering ram.
Conquered city states with powerful army, taxes, standing, army, and put loyal people in charge.
Describe how the first empires developed.
Made old laws more fair, collected laws from everyone.
Explain the significance of the Code of Hammurabi.
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