30 terms

Literary Terms (Advanced)

Key Literary Terms and Concepts that you must know.
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alliteration
the repeated use of a consonant sound at the beginning of words, much like a tongue twister.
assonance
the repeated use of vowel sounds that is used to form rhyme.
flashback
an interruption of the action to go back in time and show something that happened earlier
foreshadowing
hints that an author gives of what will happen later on in a story
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
imagery
a description that appeals to one or more of the five senses
irony
The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous effect.
metaphor
a comparison of two different things WITHOUT using like or as
mood
the feeling that a story creates for the readers; what the readers are expected to feel as they read
onomatopoeia
use of words that imitate sounds. ex) buzz, bang, whir, crack
personification
the giving of human qualities or traits to an object or animal
first-person narrator
the story is told from the perspective of one of the characters. ( I, me, we, etc.)
omniscient narrator
story is told from outside person (no personal pronouns)
repetition
the repeated use of sounds, words, or phrases, usually for emphasis
rhyme scheme
The ordered pattern of rhymes, usually of a poem.
simile
a comparison of two different things using LIKE or AS
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
symbol
1) The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
2) Symbolic meaning attributed to natural objects or facts.
theme
the message of a story
climax
the most suspenseful point in the novel or the major turning point in a plot
dynamic character
character in a story that is constantly changing and developing
static character
character in a story that doesn't change or develop
hubris
excessive pride and self-confidence
verse
a line of poetry
enjambment
the style of continuing a sentence from one line to the next without a pause
blank verse
poetry that has a consistent metre but no rhyme scheme
half rhyme
lines of poetry that have words that sound similar but do not entirely rhyme
sonnet
a fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter, containing three quatrains and a heroic couplet. (Or an octave and a sextet).
heroic couplet
two lines of rhyming verse, usually at the end of a sonnet, which tend to be 'closed' (there is no enjambement between the lines), self-contained, and conclude the poem.
metonymy
a thing or concept is not called by its own name,by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept.
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