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November 19 Quiz
Terms in this set (61)
believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all. It is the duty of the government to alleviate social ills and to protect civil liberties and individual and human rights. Believe the role of the government should be to guarantee that no one is in need. Liberal policies generally emphasize the need for the government to solve problems.
believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional American values and a strong national defense. Believe the role of government should be to provide people the freedom necessary to pursue their own goals. Conservative policies generally emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems.
A woman has the right to decide what happens with her body. A fetus is not a human life, so it does not have separate individual rights. The government should provide taxpayer funded abortions for women who cannot afford them.
Human life begins at conception. Abortion is the murder of a human being. An unborn baby, as a living human being, has separate rights from those of the mother.
Affirmative Action Liberal
Due to prevalent racism in the past, minorities were deprived of the same education and employment opportunities as whites. The government must work to make up for that.
Affirmative Action Conservative
Individuals should be admitted to schools and hired for jobs based on their ability. It is unfair to use race as a factor in the selection process. Reverse-discrimination is not a solution for racism.
Death Penalty Liberal
The death penalty should be abolished. It is inhumane and is 'cruel and unusual' punishment. Imprisonment is the appropriate punishment for murder.
Death Penalty Conservative
The death penalty is a punishment that fits the crime of murder; it is neither 'cruel' nor 'unusual.' Executing a murderer is the appropriate punishment for taking an innocent life.
A market system in which government regulates the economy is best. Government must protect citizens from the greed of big business.
The free market system, competitive capitalism, and private enterprise create the greatest opportunity and the highest standard of living for all.
Public schools are the best way to educate students. Vouchers take money away from public schools. Government should focus additional funds on existing public schools, raising teacher salaries and reducing class size.
School vouchers create competition and therefore encourage schools to improve performance. Vouchers will give all parents the right to choose good schools for their children, not just those who can afford private schools.
Embryonic Stem Cell Research Liberal
Support the use of embryonic stem cells for research. It is necessary (and ethical) for the government to fund embryonic stem cell research, which will assist scientists in finding treatments and cures for diseases.
Embryonic Stem Cell Research Conservative
Support the use of adult and umbilical cord stem cells only for research. It is morally and ethically wrong for the government to fund embryonic stem cell research. Human life begins at conception.
Oil is a depleting resource. Other sources of energy must be explored. The government must produce a national plan for all energy resources and subsidize (partially pay for) alternative energy research and production.
Oil, gas and coal are all good sources of energy and are abundant in the U.S. Oil drilling should be increased both on land and at sea. Increased domestic production creates lower prices and less dependence on other countries for oil.
Euthanasia & Physician-assisted suicide Liberal
Euthanasia should be legalized. A person has a right to die with dignity, by his own choice. A terminally ill person should have the right to choose to end pain and suffering. It is wrong for the government to take away the means for a terminally ill person to hasten his death.
Euthanasia & Physician-assisted suicide Conservative
Neither euthanasia nor physician-assisted suicide should be legalized. It is immoral and unethical to deliberately end the life of a terminally ill person (euthanasia), or enable another person to end their own life (assisted suicide).
Global Warming/Climate Change Liberal
Global warming is caused by an increased production of carbon dioxide through the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas)
Global Warming/Climate Change Conservative
Change in global temperature is natural over long periods of time. Science has not shown that humans can affect permanent change to the earth's temperature.
Gun Control: Liberal
The Second Amendment does not give citizens the right to keep and bear arms, but only allows for the state to keep a militia (National Guard). Individuals do not need guns for protection; it is the role of local and federal government to protect the people through law enforcement agencies and the military.
Gun Control: Conservative
The Second Amendment gives citizens the right to keep and bear arms. Individuals have the right to defend themselves. There are too many gun control laws - additional laws will not lower gun crime rates.
Health Care Liberal
Support free or low-cost government controlled health care. There are millions of Americans who can't afford health care and are deprived of this basic right. Every American has a right to affordable health care.
Health Care Conservative
Support competitive, free market health care system. All Americans have access to health care. The debate is about who should pay for it. Free and low-cost government-run programs (socialized medicine) result in higher costs and everyone receiving the same poor-quality health care.
Homeland Security Liberal
Airport security - Passenger profiling is wrong, period. Selection of passengers for extra security screening should be random. Using other criteria (such as ethnicity) is discriminatory and offensive to Arabs and Muslims, who are generally innocent and law-abiding. Terrorists don't fit a profile.
Homeland Security Conservative
Airport security - Choosing passengers randomly for extra security searches is not effective. Rather, profiling and intelligence data should be used to single out passengers for extra screening.
Support legal immigration. Support amnesty for those who enter the U.S. illegally (undocumented immigrants). Also believe that undocumented immigrants have a right to:
— all educational and health benefits that citizens receive (financial aid, welfare, social security and medicaid), regardless of legal status.
— the same rights as American citizens. It is unfair to arrest millions of undocumented immigrants.
Support legal immigration only. Oppose amnesty for those who enter the U.S. illegally (illegal immigrants). Those who break the law by entering the U.S. illegally do not have the same rights as those who obey the law and enter legally. The borders should be secured before addressing the problem of the illegal immigrants currently in the country. The Federal Government should secure the borders and enforce current immigration law.
Private Property Liberal
Government has the right to use eminent domain (seizure of private property by the government-with compensation to the owner) to accomplish a public end.
Private Property Conservative
Respect ownership and private property rights. Eminent domain (seizure of private property by the government-with compensation to the owner) in most cases is wrong. Eminent domain should not be used for private development.
Religion & Government Liberal
Support the separation of church and state. The Bill of Rights implies a separation of church and state. Religious expression has no place in government. The two should be completely separate. Government should not support religious expression in any way.
Religion & Government Conservative
The phrase "separation of church and state" is not in the Constitution. The First Amendment to the Constitution states "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof..." This prevents the government from establishing a national church/denomination.
Same Sex Marriage Liberal
Marriage is the union of people who love each other. It should be legal for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals, to ensure equal rights for all. Support same-sex marriage. Opposed to the creation of a constitutional amendment establishing marriage as the union of one man and one woman.
Same Sex Marriage Conservative
Marriage is the union of one man and one woman. Oppose same-sex marriage.
Support Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), passed in 1996, which affirms the right of states not to recognize same-sex marriages licensed in other states.
Social Security Liberal
The Social Security system should be protected at all costs. Reduction in future benefits is not a reasonable option.
Social Security Conservative
The Social Security system is in serious financial trouble. Major changes to the current system are urgently needed. In its current state, the Social Security system is not financially sustainable.
Higher taxes (primarily for the wealthy) and a larger government are necessary to address inequity/injustice in society (government should help the poor and needy using tax dollars from the rich).
Lower taxes and a smaller government with limited power will improve the standard of living for all. Support lower taxes and a smaller government. Lower taxes create more incentive for people to work, save, invest, and engage in entrepreneurial endeavors. United
United Nations Liberal
United Nations Conservative
War on Terror Liberal
War on Terror Conservative
Support welfare, including long-term welfare. Welfare is a safety net which provides for the needs of the poor. Welfare is necessary to bring fairness to American economic life. It is a device for protecting the poor.
Oppose long-term welfare. Opportunities should be provided to make it possible for those in need to become self-reliant. It is far more compassionate and effective to encourage people to become self-reliant, rather than allowing them to remain dependent on the government for provisions.
What was the first government established by the Continental Congress?
The articles of confederation (aoc) was the 1st gov established by the continental congress. The aoc was not so great bc it only lasted 10 yrs. The problem was that it was not an actual framework for a national government. The aoc set up a gov that consisted of a 1 house body of delegates, with each state having a single vote. There was no president and no judiciary. The aoc required that any decision required 9 of the 13 votes, which is 2/3rds
What were the limitations of the government?
The government could declare war, conduct foreign affairs, and make treaties. The gov could coin money but could not collect taxes, collecting taxes was left to the states.
-The aoc helped win the revolutionary war.
What two things did the Articles accomplish?
The gov developed rules that helped the new nation when facing problems with Ohio. Ohio was called the northwest. They got control of the land by taking it from the Indians who were living there. The articles gov was empowered to make treaties, which it did. Through treaties signed at fort stanwix and fort mcintosh, the indians surrendered land north of the ohio river.
What did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 accomplish?
was a set up process to to create 5 new states between the ohio and mississippi river. Acknowledged that American Indians had a claim to the land and that they had to be treated better if settlers wanted to avoid violence. Outlawed slavery in all 5 new states.
Why is the Articles of Confederation government considered a disaster?
The articles gov was a complete disaster for exactly one reason: it could not collect taxes.
was an uprising in Massachusetts that followed the Revolutionary War. The rebellion was spurred by high taxes and economic depression among rural farmers of the state.
What was the Great Compromise?
An agreement that both large and small states on how the legislature should be ran and decide on using both ideas where one was based on population and the other equal representation.
What was the first conflict of the Constitutional Convention?
was between those with big and small populations. Larger states supported James Madison's Virginia Plan, which called for a two house legislature with representation in both proportional and to a state's population.
What principles were embraced by the Constitution to avoid tyranny?
-separation of powers and federalism.
What is the Three-Fifths Compromise?
It was for the purpose of determining the population, the total number of whites plus 3/5ths of the population of the "other persons"
What are the Federalist Papers?
Are a series of 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.
What was the position of the Anti-Federalists
They were very afraid of a strong gov, especially one dominated by the wealth. However, smaller more local governments are more responsive to the people and better able to protect their rights, but to the anti federalist this means state gov.
Tryanny And Depotism
- The political philosophy of the day was that people to form governments in order to protect their liberty and property.
- The conflict between the colonies and Great Britain led to the fears of a strong tyrannical government.
---Abuse of power- Strong executive or king
---Taxation without consent
---Unjust and unwarranted laws
---Violation and loss of natural (individual) rights.
---Violation of procedural rights. Due process- illegal search and seizures, mock trial or no trial by jury.
--Standing armies in times of peace
The Republican Experiment
- The newly independent Americans sought to build governments that protected property and liberty & limit power of government.
- The emphasis on these political values in the new government:
Limited power of government
Protect natural rights - Bill of Rights
Emphasis Popular Sovereignty
Republicanism or representative government
Separation of powers and checks and balances
Posse Comitatus Attack
Military can't get itself involved. Keeps us from using their power.
Example- Mass shooting. In order to stop mass shooting military can't get involved. It must be city police.
Voters in the 2018 Midterm Election
What was the highest turnout for a midterm since 1966?
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