17 terms

Digestive System, Digestive system

These words review the important functions and structures of the digestive system.
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stomach
An organ of the digestive system where most mechanical breaking down of food happens
esophagus
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
large intestine
Absorbs water and forms feces
liver, gallbladder, pancreas
organs that create chemicals that help the small intestines break down food
Liver
makes bile, breaks down and eliminates toxins, such as nitrogen containing compounds
mouth
where digestion begins
small intestine
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs
pancreas
An organs in the abdominal cavity with two roles. The first is to produce digestive enzymes . The second is to secrete insulin into the bloodstream to help regulate blood glucose levels.
gall bladder
An organ that stores bile and releases it as needed into the small intestine
digestion, absorption, elimination
functions of digestive system in 3 words
liver
produces bile
rectum
stores solid waste and compresses into more solid form
colon
another name for the large intestine
duodenum
first part of small intestine
pharynx
throat
epiglottis
flap of tissue that covers the trachea when swallowing food
salivary gland
production of saliva
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