98 terms

NAQT American Poetry, Famous boxers, Oklahoma History #2, You Gotta Know Biology, translations, rotations, dilations and reflections

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Robert Frost
The line "and miles to go before I sleep" is repeated at the end of "Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening," a poem by what author?
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
What "Fireside Poet" wrote the long work "The Song of Hiawatha," inspired by Native American mythology?
Tenth Muse
Colonial port Anne Bradstreet's major collection is titled for what figure "lately sprung up in America"?
The Statue of Liberty
On what large work of art is Emma Lazarus's poem "The New Colossus" inscribed?
The Harlem Renaissance
Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen were members of what largely African-American literary and cultural movement of the early 20th century?
Howl
What long poem, which begins "I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness," was written by Allen Ginsberg, a member of the "Beat Generation"?
Sylvia Plath
What female poet wrote the collection "Ariel" and the poem "Daddy"?
Carl Sandburg
What poet praised the "City of the Big Shoulders" in his poem "Chicago"?
The Waste Land
"April is the cruellest month" is the first line of what long poem by T.S. Eliot?
Belle of Amherst
Emily Dickinson was known as the "Belle" of what Massachusetts town, where she spent most of her adult life as a recluse in her family town?
Walt Whitman
What poet described sounding his "barbaric yawp" in his poem "Song of Myself"?
William Cullen Bryant
What 19th-century American poet wrote "Thanatopsis" and "To a Waterfowl"?
E.E. Cummings
What poet's unusual punctuation and capitalization are on display in "anyone lived in a pretty how town"?
Edgar Allen Poe
What man wrote of a creature that repeats the word "nevermore" in his poem "The Raven"?
Ezra Pound
The two-liner poem "In a Station of the Metro" was written by what Modernist and Imagist poet, who also wrote the Cantos?
Civil War
Robert Lowell wrote a poem set in Boston titled for the "dead" of an army that fought what war?
Trees
Poet Joyce Kilmer wrote "I think that I shall never see a poem as lovely as" what natural object?
The Red Wheelbarrow
William Carlos Williams wrote that "so much depends on" what object, which is "beside the white chickens"?
Wallace Stevens
What 20th-century poet wrote the collection "Harmonium", which contains "Sunday Morning" and "The Emperor of Ice Cream"?
Gwendolyn Brooks
What African-American poet from Chicago wrote the poem "We Real Cool"?
Jake LaMotta
Former World Middleweight Champion, nicknamed The Bronx Bull and The Raging Bull
Sugar Ray Leonard
American boxer born in 1956 and was named Boxer of the Decade for the 1980s. He also won the gold medal in the 1976 Olympics
Sonny Liston
American boxer (died in 1970) who held the world heavyweight championship from 1962 to 1964 (lost it to Cassius Clay). He was often disliked for his rumored underworld connections
Jack Johnson
First African American boxer to win the World Heavyweight title (1908). Known as the Galveston Giant.
Roy Jones Jr.
American boxer (born in 1969), rapper and actor. He won several middleweight, super middleweight, light heavyweight and heavyweight titles and was named the Fighter of the Decade for the 1990s
Oscar De La Hoya
Mexican-American (born in 1973), nicknamed The Golden Boy and won a gold medal at the Barcelona Summer Olympics (1992)
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
American boxer (born in 1977 who won the Fighter of the Year award in 1998 and 2007 and a bronze medal in the Summer Olympics in Atlanta (1996)
Benny Leonard
American-Jewish lightweight boxer (1896-1947) who was lightweight champion of the world several times
Juan Manuel Marquez
Mexican boxer (born in 1973) who debuted in 1993 and has won seven world titles in four different boxing weight classes
Roberto Duran
Panamanian boxer (born in 1951) who is widely regarded as one of the greatest boxers of all time, nicknamed Manos de Piedra (Hands of Stone).
Marvin Hagler
American boxer born in 1954 and world middleweight champion from 1980 to 1987. He is nicknamed Marvelous
Bob Fitzsimmons
British boxer (1863-1917) that became the first three-division world champion and was nicknamed The Freckled Wonder
Rubin Carter
American middleweight boxer (1937-2014), who was wrongly convicted of murder and spend 20 years in prison for it. Nicknamed "Hurricane".
George Foreman
American two-time World Heavyweight Boxing Champion, Olympic gold medalist, ordained minister and entrepreneur, born in 1949. Lost to Muhammad Ali in The Rumble in the Jungle (1974)
Joe Louis
American (1914-81) world heavyweight champion from 1937 to 1949. He made a record twenty-five title defenses.
Muhammed Ali
American former professional boxer born Cassius Clay, nicknamed The Greatest
Joe Frazier
American boxer (1944-2011) and world heavyweight championship winner (1968-1973). He also won a gold medal at the 1964 Summer Olympics
Jack Dempsey
American boxer (1895-1983) nicknames The Manassa Mauler and held the world heavyweight title between 1919 and 1926
Sugar Ray Robinson
American winner of several welter- and middleweight world championships. Often regarded as the best boxer who ever lived (1921-1989)
James J. Braddock
American boxer (1905-1974) and world heavyweight champion (1935-1937). He was nicknamed Cinderella Man
Julio Cesar Chavez
Mexican boxer (born in 1962) and six-time world champion in three weight divisions (Super Featherweight, Lightweight and Light Welterweight, 1984-1994)
Mike Tyson
American boxer born in 1966, became world heavyweight champion beating Michael Spinks in 1988. He was convicted of rape in 1992.
Rocky Marciano
American boxer (1923-96) and world Heavyweight Boxing Champion (1952-1956). He never lost or drew (tied) in a professional match
Manny Pacquiao
Filipino boxer (born in 1978) and politician, named Fighter of the Decade for the 2000s. He was the first to win world titles in eight different weight divisions
Evander Holyfield
American boxer (born in 1962, world heavyweight champion, world cruiserweight champion and won a bronze medal at the 1984 Olympics in L.A.. He also starred in Celebrity Big Brother (UK, 2014)
Who was the leader of the Boomers?
David Payne
What was the eastern half of region that was to become Oklahoma?
Indian Territory
What was the western half of region that was to become Oklahoma?
Oklahoma Territory
A person who entered the Unassigned Lands before the Land Run and was able to claim the best land.
Sooners
A shelter built on the prairie, made of bricks of sod.
Sod house
Oklahoma's first governor.
Charles Haskell
Wells that spray large amounts of oil into the air without being pumped.
gushers
A time during the 1930's when many people lost their jobs and businesses failed.
The Great Depression
The states hurt badly by the drought of the 1930's, including Oklahoma.
The Dust Bowl
The year in which Oklahoma became the 46th state to join the United States.
1907
Oklahoma's state animal.
bison
Oklahoma's state bird
scissor-tailed flycatcher
Oklahoma's state tree
redbud
Oklahoma's first capital
Guthrie
A Spanish explorer who planned an expedition to look for Indian cities of gold. He was the first non-Indian to visit Oklahoma.
Coronado
A French explorer who claimed land west of the Mississippi for the king of France. This land included all of present day Oklahoma
Robert LaSalle
A place where people could get goods they needed in exchange for crops they had grown or things they had made.
trading post
The route the Five Tribes were forced to follow from their homes in the Southeast to Indian Territory during the 1820's and 1830's.
Trail of Tears
The Indian who invented the Cherokee alphabet
Sequoyah
The herding of large numbers of cattle over trails to railroad shipping stations
cattle drive
A trail that was used to herd cattle from Texas to Abilene, Kansas
Chisholm Trail
A farmer that was determined to push his way onto the Indians' land
Boomer
A law passed in 1862 that promised settlers 160 acres of land if they would live on the land for five years
Homestead Act
A land run that opened the Unassigned Lands to settlement
Land Run of 1889
Nucleus
This is the "command central" of the cell because it contains almost all of the cell's DNA, which encodes the information needed to make all the proteins that the cell uses. The DNA appears as chromatin through most of the cell cycle but condenses to form chromosomes when the cell is undergoing mitosis. Commonly seen within the nucleus are dense bodies called nucleoli, which contain ribosomal RNA. In eukaryotes, the nucleus is surrounded by a selectively-permeable nuclear envelope.
Ribosomes
These are the machines that coordinate protein synthesis, or translation. They consist of several RNA and protein molecules arranged into two subunits. They read the messenger RNA copy of the DNA and assemble the appropriate amino acids into protein chains.
Mitochondria
These are the powerhouses of the cell. They are double-membrane-bound organelles that are the site of respiration and oxidative phosphorylation, processes that produce energy for the cell in the form of ATP. The inner membrane of these forms folds called cristae [KRIS-tee], which are suspended in a fluid called the matrix. The mitochondrial matrix contains DNA and ribosomes.
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
This is a network of tube-like membranes continuous with the nuclear envelope that comes in rough (with ribosomes) and smooth (without ribosomes) varieties. In this, proteins undergo modifications and folding to yield the final, functional protein structures.
Golgi Apparatus
The stack of flattened, folded membranes that forms this acts as the "post office of the cell." Here proteins from the ribosomes are stored, chemically modified, "addressed" with carbohydrate tags, and packaged in vesicles for delivery.
Lysosomes
These are membrane-bound organelles that contain digestive enzymes that break down proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. They are important in processing the contents of vesicles taken in from outside the cell. It is crucial to maintain the integrity of the membranes because the enzymes they contain can digest cellular components as well.
Chloroplasts
Found only in plants and certain protists, this contains the green pigment chlorophyll and is the site of photosynthesis. Like the mitochondrion, this is a double-membrane-bound organelle, and it has its own DNA and ribosomes in the stroma. These contain grana, which are stacks of single membrane structures called thylakoids on which the reactions of photosynthesis occur.
Vacuoles
Found mainly in plants and protists, these are liquid-filled cavities enclosed by a single membrane. They serve as storage bins for food and waste products.
Cilia/Flagella
These are important organelles of motility, which allow the cell to move. Flagella are long, whip-like structures, while cilia are short hair-like projections. Both contain a 9 + 2 arrangement of microtubules in cross section and are powered by molecular motors of kinesin and dynein molecules.
Centrioles
Not found in plant cells, these are paired organelles with nine sets of microtubule triplets in cross section. They are important in organizing the microtubule spindle needed to move the chromosomes during mitosis.
Porifera
These sponges are all water-dwellers (98% marine, 2% freshwater), and are sometimes classified separately from other animals because of their asymmetric bodies and lack of distinct tissues. They are sessile (immobile) except in early dispersing stages, and collect food particles via the sweeping motions of flagellated cells called choanocytes [koh-ANN-oh-sites].
Cnidaria
Also called Coelenterata [se-LEN-ter-AH-tah], these develop from a diploblastic (two-layered) embryo, and have two separate tissue layers and radial body symmetry. Many have two life stages, the mobile, usually bell-like medusa and the sessile polyp. All of these have nematocysts, or stinging cells, for capturing prey, and some can inflict painful stings on swimmers. Examples include the hydras, sea anemones, corals, jellyfishes, and Portuguese man-o-war.
Platyhelminthes
The flatworms are the most primitive phylum to develop from a triploblastic (three-layered) embryo. They have bilateral body symmetry, and are acoelomate (lacking a true body cavity), so that the space between the digestive tract and the body wall is filled with tissue. As the name implies, they are generally flat-bodied. They have a true head and brain, but the digestive system has only one opening that functions as both mouth and anus. Most are hermaphroditic. This phylum includes parasites such as the tapeworms and flukes, as well as free-living (i.e., non-parasitic) organisms such as the planarians.
Nematoda
The roundworms are unsegmented worms that live in a variety of habitats. They are pseudocoelomate; the three tissue layers are concentric, but the body cavity is not lined with tissue derived from the mesoderm (middle embryonic layer). They include both free-living and parasitic species; human parasites include hookworms and the causative agents of elephantiasis, trichinosis, and river blindness.
Annelida
These are segmented worms and represent the first lineage of truly eucoelomate (having a body cavity lined with mesoderm-derived tissue) animals; their body cavities are lined with tissue derived from the embryonic mesoderm. These classes include the marine Polychaeta, as well as the mostly terrestrial Oligochaeta (including the earthworms, Lumbricus) and the mostly-aquatic Hirudinea, or leeches. Characteristics of annelids include nephridia (kidney-like structures), blood vessels, and, in some classes, hermaphroditism.
Arthropoda
This is the most diverse and successful animal phylum on earth (incorporating about 75% of all described animal species). They are characterized by jointed legs and a chitinous exoskeleton. Like annelids, they are segmented, but unlike annelids, their segments are usually fused into larger body parts with specialized functions (such as the head, thorax, and abdomen of an insect). This phylum is often divided into four subphyla: Uniramia (insects, centipedes, millipedes); Chelicerata (arachnids, sea spiders, horseshoe crabs); Crustacea (shrimps, lobsters, crabs, crayfish, barnacles, pillbugs), and Trilobitomorpha (the trilobites, now extinct).
Cycliophora
This is the most recently named phylum; its only known member is Symbion pandora, a tiny invertebrate first identified in 1995 when a Danish biologist found specimens on the mouthparts of a Norwegian lobster.
Mollusca
These are second in diversity only to the arthropods. Body plans within this phylum are diverse, but general characteristics include a soft body covered by a thin mantle, with a muscular foot and an internal visceral mass. There are two fluid-filled body cavities derived from mesodermal tissue; a small coelom and a large hemocoel that functions as an open circulatory system.
Echinodermata
Characteristics of this phylum include an endoskeleton composed of many ossicles of calcium and magnesium carbonate, a water vascular system (WVS), a ring canal around the esophagus, and locomotion by tube feet connected to the WVS. Unique to organisms in this phylum is the five-fold radial symmetry obvious in sea stars (seafish), sea urchins, and sea lilies.
Chordata
This phylum is divided into three subphyla: Urochordata, the sea squirts; Cephalochordata, the lancelets, and the true vertebrates (Vertebrata, the most diverse subphylum). Defining traits of these include pharyngeal gill slits, a notochord, a post-anal tail, and a dorsal hollow nerve cord. In vertebrates, some of these structures are found only in embryonic stages.
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