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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. In the brainstem, pharyngeal swallowing is triggered sequential bursts of interneurons of known duration that are then
  2. Mean deglutition frequency is
  3. Normal swallowing transit times are slower
  4. Insular cortex, particularly the anterior isula is involved in
  5. Information about the motor movement comes from the
  1. a the coordination of interaction of oral musculature, gustation, and autonomic functions
  2. b muscles spindles in the tongue via CN XII
  3. c approximately 580 swallows per day
  4. d on thicker food
  5. e directed to various cranial nerve nuclei to translate the bursts into messages sent to muscles for specific action or contraction pattern

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. contraction of mylohyoid
  2. receptor fields on the posterior tongue (CN IX), fauces, tonsils, velum (CN IX), mucosa of the valleculae and pyriform recesses (CN X) and the salivary glands (CN VII) are stimulated by the presence of the bolus
  3. the supplemental motor area, anterior to M1
  4. striated muscles of the pharynx, larynx, and upper esophagus
  5. more slowly in response to gravity and compression

5 True/False questions

  1. As the bolus becomes less deformablethe timing of the tongue base retraction to contact the anteriorly and medially moving pharyngeal walls occurs later in the swallow


  2. Receptor fields send sensory information via their respective fasciculi tostriated muscles of the pharynx, larynx, and upper esophagus


  3. Thin liquids aredeformed more easily and move more readily in response to gravity and compression


  4. Nucleus Tractus Solitarius is located inthe dorsal medulla in the brainstem


  5. Changes in bolus volume createthe greatest systematic changes in the oropharyngeal swallow


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