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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Insular cortex, particularly the anterior isula is involved in
  2. CPG input functions
  3. Thicker foods move
  4. Small volume swallows, such as saliva
  5. If stimulus threshold is reached in NTS then
  1. a produce sequential swallow phases (oral followed by pharyngeal followed by esophageal)
  2. b more slowly in response to gravity and compression
  3. c the coordination of interaction of oral musculature, gustation, and autonomic functions
  4. d sends information to the Nucleus Ambiguus to execute the specified motor sequence
  5. e receptor fields on the posterior tongue (CN IX), fauces, tonsils, velum (CN IX), mucosa of the valleculae and pyriform recesses (CN X) and the salivary glands (CN VII) are stimulated by the presence of the bolus

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an interneuronal network of dorsal and ventral reticular bodies (in medulla) that comprise the central pattern generator
  2. valve functions, such as VP closure, upper esophageal opening, and laryngeal closure also inscrease slightly in duration
  3. the initiation of swallowing and the level of neuromuscular activity of volitional swallowing
  4. it is less likely to pass through narrow sites in transit, and may lodge above them instead
  5. the less agility and control required, more forgiving when timin of swallow and coordination of transit are impaired

5 True/False questions

  1. Nucleus Ambiguus contains the cell bodies of theCNs V, VII, XII

          

  2. Nucleus Tractus Solitarius containscell bodies of sensory neurons of CN VII, CN IX, CN X

          

  3. The interneurons of the central pattern generator mediatedorsal regions (NTS) in the medulla to complete the swallow

          

  4. Thin liquids arepass most easily through narrow sites in transit

          

  5. The first detectable action of CPG output function isreceptor fields on the posterior tongue (CN IX), fauces, tonsils, velum (CN IX), mucosa of the valleculae and pyriform recesses (CN X) and the salivary glands (CN VII) are stimulated by the presence of the bolus