24 terms

Morgan NOCTI Body Systems & Functions

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Circulatory System
Controls movement of blood throughout the body
Digestive (Gastrointestinal) System
Breaks down food into nutrients or waste for nutrition or excretion
Endocrine System
Controls hormone levels within the body that determine growth, development, sexual function, and health or entire body
Excretory System
Eliminates waste from the body by reducing the build up of toxins
Integumentary System
consists of the skin and its accessory organs, oil & sweat glands, sensory receptors, hair and nails. Serves as a protective covering and helps regulate body temperature
Immune (lymphatic) System
Protects the body from disease by developing immunities and destroying pathogens and toxins
Muscular System
Covers, shapes, and holds the skeletal in place. Muscles contract to allow body structures to move
Nervous System
Coordinates all other body systems allowing them to work efficiently and react to their environment
Reproductive System
Produces offspring and allows for transfer of DNA, differentiates between sexes
Respiratory System
Makes blood and oxygen available to body structures through respiration, eliminates carbon dioxide
Skeletal System
Forms the physical foundation of the body, 206 bones that are connected by moveable and immovable joints
Nail Plate
Hardened keratin plate that sits on and covers the nail plate, most visible and functional part of the natural nail
Nail Bed
Portion of living skin that supports the nail plate as it grows toward the free edge
Matrix
Area where the nail plate cells are formed, contains lymph, nerves, and blood vessels for nourishment
Perionychium
Living skin bordering the root and sides of a fingernail or toenail
Integumentary System
consists of the skin and its accessory organs, oil & sweat glands, sensory receptors, hair and nails. Serves as a protective covering and helps regulate body temperature
The word "integument" means
Natural covering
Epidermis
outermost and thinnest layer of the skin
Stratum Corneum
Layer we see when we look at the skin and the layer cared for during salon services
Barrier function
Keeps skin moist by preventing water evaporation and to guard against irritants penetrating the skin surface
Stratum Lucidum
Clear, transparent layer under stratum corneum that light passes through
Stratum Granulosum
Layer of skin that is made up of small keratin-filled cells that look like granules
Stratum Spinosum
Spiny layer just above the stratum germinativum where cell shedding begins
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