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5.1 KT ID
Terms in this set (17)
This woman believed that women should have natural rights and that should have equality and a right to education.
Wealth of Nations
This was book written by Adam Smith. It discussed the laissez- faire, or free market, approach to the economy.
Baron de Montesquieu
This French enlightened philosophe suggested that he best way to protect people' liberty was to separate the powers of government into 3 branches.
This Frenchman was the most famous philosophe of the Enlightenment. He spoke out for personal freedoms of the people and press.
This means "lover of wisdom". These people tried to use logic and reason to discover natural laws to explain how humans acted, hoping they could solve the problems of humanity.
This enlightened philosphe was from England. He believed that all people were born with natural rights, the purpose of government was to protect those natural rights, and that the people had the right to revolt if the government violated their rights.
This was time period in the late 1700's in which philosophers used logic and reason to try to discover natural laws about humans so that they could solve the social, economic, and political problems of humanity. It is also known as the Age of Reason.
These are certain rights that all humans are born with. They include "life, liberty, and property", according to Locke.
This is a French term which means "non- interference". It refers to the idea that the government should not regulate the economy.
This Englishmen wrote Leviathan, in which he claimed men were naturally cruel and greedy, therefore they needed an absolute monarch to keep them in order.
This man was leading physiocrat who wrote Wealth of Nations . He said that the law of supply and demand would run the economy, and that the government should not interfere in the economy.
This is a philosophe that tried to discover natural laws that dictated how the economy worked.
This is a term that describes an economy in which the economy is able to operate without government regulations. It is run only by supply and demand and competition.
This is an agreement between the government and the people that is made in order to set up an ordered society.
This man tried to change everyone's way of thinking by publishing a collection of enlightened articles in the Encyclopedie.
These are laws that govern human nature. Philosophes tried to discover them so they could determine how humans would act in certain situations.
Jean Jaques Rousseau
This Swiss enlightened philosophe wrote Social Contract . He brought up ideas such as majority rules, democracy, and the giving up of self interest for the "general will".
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2.4 KD ID
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5.3 KT ID
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