AP US History Key Terms: Chapter 7
Terms in this set (21)
The third Vice President of the United States; he served under Thomas Jefferson. He was accused of treason and publicly slandered by Alexander Hamilton. Whom he later killed in a duel.
The site of a large Evangelical camp meeting in 1801 during the second Great Awakening.
A type of theism; its followers believe that God exists, but withdrew from involvement with humans and their sins after creating the universe. Jefferson and Franklin, among others, were Deists.
Eli Whitney was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the Antebellum South.
In 1799 Angelic figures in traditional Iroquois garb appeared to Handsome Lake and said that if the Iroquois did not mend their immoral ways then they would die out. He worked to revive old Iroquois customs and affirm family values, as well as forsake alcohol. He died in 1815, but his teachings live on in the form of the longhouse religion.
An event in 1814-1815 in the United States in which New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing power. The convention discussed removing the three-fifths compromise, which gave slave states more power in Congress, and requiring a two-thirds supermajority in Congress for the admission of new states, declarations of war, and laws restricting trade.
The British called for the impressments of American ships to search them for British deserters. They were only supposed to kidnap those who were born in Britain and naturalized in America, but in reality, they kidnapped all American sailors. They needed these people to fight in the Napoleonic Wars for England against France. This led to the Chesapeake-Leopard incident, where the British ship Leopard found the American ship Chesapeake and demanded a search. The Americans refused, so the British opened fire, and the Americans surrendered the ship. This outraged Americans, and since Congress was not in session, war was not declared. President Jefferson wanted to keep peace and be neutral, so he just banned all British ships from American waters to minimize the chances of another incident to occur.
The second Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He made the judiciary branch of the federal government equal with the executive and legislative branches because the presidencies he served under were all Republican. He oversaw the case of Marbury v. Madison. He was appointed by John Adams as a Federalist in 1801 as a "Midnight Judge" after serving as his Secretary of State.
Judith Sargent Murray
She published an essay that supported women's right to education in 1784. She believed that women had the same amount of intellect and potential as men do, so they deserve the same amount of education as them. She also argued that women should be able to earn a living besides their husbands and families so they can be a part of society away from them. In her lifetime, she didn't receive much support, but she inspired later generations to support women's rights.
Marbury vs. Madison
Case that separated judicial branch from executive branch which still holds today in modern government
Mercy Otis Warren
A popular political writer who attacked subjects like wars and political parties
The Delaware Prophet he preached against European goods and tried to support traditional life style
Connecticut schoolmaster and lawyer who thought that American school students should be educated as patriots having their minds filled with nationalistic thoughts. Came out with an "American Spelling Book" ex. honor instead of honour. This along with his other book "An American Dictionary of the English Language" established a national standard of words and usages.
Inventor along with Robert R. Livingston who created the steamboat
Second Great Awakening
The effort of conservative theologians of the 1790's to fight the spread of religious rationalism.
He was the prophet's brother was also named "The shooting star." He was the chief of the Shawnees and the leader of the more secular efforts. He understood, unlike most other Indians, that only through united action could the tribes hope to resist the advance of white civilization. He promised that he would stop white expansion and recover the whole Northwest and make the Ohio River the boundary between the US and the Indian country. In 1811 he left Prophetstown and traveled down the Mississippi to visit the tribes of the South and persuade them to join the alliance. His efforts to unite the tribes of the Mississippi Valley against further white encroachments on their lands led him ultimately into an alliance with the British after the battle of Tippecanoe.
In an effort to prevent future incidents that might bring the nation again to the brink of war, Jefferson presented a drastic measure known as the Embargo, and it became one of the most controversial political issues of its time. It prohibited American ships from leaving the US for any foreign port anywhere in the world. Congress also passed a "force act" to give the government power to enforce the Embargo. It was quickly evaded, but it was effective enough to create a serious depression through most of the nation.
The Prophet (Tenskwatwa)
He was a charismatic religious leader and orator known as the prophet. He experienced a mystical awakening in the process of recovering from alcoholism. Having freed himself from what he considered the evil effects of white culture, he began to speak to his people of the superior virtues of Indian civilization and the sinfulness and corruption of the white world, in the process he inspired a religious revival that spread through numerous tribes and helped unite them. His headquarters became a sacred place for people of many tribes and attracted thousands of Indians from the Midwest.
The Black leader of the Haitian Revolution. His military and political skills led to the formation of Haiti. He challenged French authority, specifically Napoleon's. He was supported by England and the Adams administration.
A resident of New York State who won wide acclaim for his satirical histories of early American life and his powerful fables of society in the New World. He wrote, "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow."
William Henry Harrison
A veteran Indian fighter who was a committed advocate of growth and development in the western lands. Harrison was largely responsible for the passage in 1800 of the "Harrison Law Land," which enabled white settlers to acquire farms from the public domain on much easier terms than before. Harrison offered the Indians a choice, they could become famers and assimilate or they could move west of the Mississippi River, either way they would give up their claims to their tribal lands in the Northwest.
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