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AP Gov unit 4 objectives
Terms in this set (11)
Explain how the president can implement a policy agenda.
Presidents use powers and functions of the office to accomplish a policy agenda
-think of the formal and informal powers he has and what they do
Explain how the president's agenda can create tension and frequent confrontations with Congress.
-The potential for conflict with the Senate depends upon the type of exec branch appointments, including:
2)White House staff
-Policy initiatives and exec orders promoted by the Pres often lead to conflict with the congressional agenda.
-Senate confirmation is an important check on appt powers, but the Pres longest lasting influence lies in life-tenured judicial appointments.
Explain how presidents have interpreted and justified their use of formal and informal powers.
-Justifications for a single executive are set forth in Federalist 70
-Term of office and constitutional power restrictions, including the passage of the 22nd Amendment, demonstrate changing presidential roles
-Diff perspectives of the Pres role, ranging from a limited to a more expansive interpretation and use of power, continue to be debated in the context of contemporary events
Explain how communication technology has changed the president's relationship with the national constituency and the other branches.
The communication impact of the presidency can be demonstrated through such factors as:
-Modern technology, social media, and rapid response to political issues
-Nationally broadcast State of the Union messages and the president's bully pulpit used as tools for agenda setting (relating to other branches)
Explain how the bureaucracy carries out the responsibilities of the federal government.
-Tasks performed by departments, agencies, commissions, and government corporations are represented by:
1)writing and enforcing regulations
3)testifying before Congress
4)Issue networks and "iron triangles"
-Political patronage, civil service, and merit system reforms all impact the effectiveness of the bureaucracy by promoting professionalism, specialization, and neutrality.
Explain how the federal bureaucracy uses delegated discretionary authority for rule making and implementation.
Discretionary and rule-making authority to implement policy are given to bureaucratic agencies such as:
-U.S. Department of Agriculture
-U.S. Department of Defense
-U.S. Department of Homeland Security
-U.S. Department of Transportation
-U.S. Department of State
-U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
-U.S. Department of Education
Explain how the president ensures that executive branch agencies and departments carry out their responsibilities in concert with the goals of the administration.
-Presidential ideology, authority, and influence affect how executive branch agencies carry out the goals of the administration
-Compliance monitoring can pose a challenge to policy implementation
Explain the extent to which governmental branches can hold the bureaucracy accountable given the competing interests of Congress, the Pres, and the federal courts.
-Formal and informal powers of Congress, the Pres, and the courts over the bureaucracy are used to maintain its accountability.
Explain how the Electoral College impacts democratic participation.
The party representing the candidate who wins that particular state on Election Day will make their electors want to cast their votes for their candidate.
Explain how campaign organizations and strategies affect the election process.
These things can determine how the "swing states" will vote which may determine the results of the election as well as will determine who votes for which candidates. These can determine which states the candidates are really going to focus on and what their stances on certain issues on can also contribute to the outcome.
Explain how the organization, finance, and strategies of national political campaigns affect the election process.
-It can determine the political parties stances and where they're going to spend their time and money and the impact it may hold which all holds an affect on the outcome of the election.
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