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Terms in this set (69)
The commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States
Marquis de Lafayatte
French European military officer who joined Washington at Valley Forge. Helped boost morale among weary troops. Commanded nearly 8000 french soldiers
Baron von Steuban
Trains the continental army into an actual european battle force, only way to defeat the british was toe to toe and fire - european style
Baron de Kalb
German officer who served in the French army. Reputation for bravery. Became one of Washington's generals. Killed in the Battle of Camden. Received 11 wounds in the Battle of Camden and died
George Rogers Clark
Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes in the Ohio Valley in 1779., secured the Northwest Territory for America.1752-1818. American frontiersman who captured a series of British forts along the Ohio River during the Revolutionary War.
John Paul Jones
Greatest American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792) said " I have not yet begun to fight."
Was a retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War. He took credit for the American victory in the Battles of Saratoga (1777)
Quaker-raised American general who employed tactics of fighting and then drawing back to recover, then attacking again. Defeated Cornwallis by thus "fighting Quaker".American general who used guerrilla warfare to pull the British away from cities and into woods; had a major victory at Cowpens and the British lose the south
"Swamp Fox" lead a militia in mainly South Carolina who caused havoc on the British Army eventually damaging the army by killing many of their Generals
Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the author of the Declaration of Independence
A writer, scientist, diplomat, political philosopher, and a printer. He was influential in the American Revolution, Continental Congress, Declaration of independence, and was influential in creating the America as we know it.
He had been a Colonel in the Connecticut militia at the outbreak of the Revolution and soon became a General in the Continental Army. He won key victories for the colonies in the battles in upstate New York in 1777, and was instrumental in General Gates victory over the British at Saratoga. After becoming Commander of Philadelphia in 1778, he went heavily into debt, and in 1780, he was caught plotting to surrender the key Hudson River fortress of West Point to the British in exchange for a commission in the royal army. He is the most famous traitor in American history.
A Vermont blacksmith. Led the Green Mountain Boys in a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga. Won the Fort, and a valuable supply of cannons and gun powder, and control of a key route into Canada.
An artillery officer, who along with a small group of men, transported 59 cannons from Frot Ticonderoga across 300 miles of rugged, mountainous terrain to Boston
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt. He died in a shootout dual with Aaron Burr.
Jewish merchant and banker, emigrated from Poland, Financed Washington's Campaign by giving interests free loans to key revolutionary leaders.Helped finance the revolution.
British General who decided to push through New York state and cut off New England from the other colonies. His army invaded from Canada, recaptured Fort Ticonderoga and sweep south to Albany.
(Dec 31, 1738- Oct 5, 1806) British Army officer and colonial admin best remembered as one of the leading British generals in the war. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American and French force at the siege of Yorktown ended signif hostilities in North America
British general who arrived in NY in july 1776 and later defeated the americans at the battle of brandywine. chose to relax in new york and Philadelphia rather than march up the Hudson to fight
He replaced General William Howe as Commander-in-Chief of British forces in the American Revolution. He shifted the focus of the war to the southern colonies, hoping to capitalize on strong Loyalist support.(Full domination of South)
Inexperienced,undiscplined troops until the war progressed ahead and they leanred importamt battle tactics.
Always fought formally and were very well trained. Often refered to as Red coats
Group of Brutal German soldiers hired by the king to aid with the war effort.
Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence. JOHN HANCOCK signed.
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution who taxed the colonists.
At first, the Native Americnas tried to stay out of the war. Eventually, attacks by Americans moved many Native Americans to support the British promised to limit colonial settlements in the west
African Americans joined to fight against the British; 5,000 African Americans joined the Patriots; two of them were Lemuel Hayes and Peter Salem
The surrounding of a place in order to force it to surrender.
Aided America in the War. was a European world power.
Aided in the American Revolution.
"Legalized pirates," more than a thousand strong, who inflicted heavy damage on British shipping
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.
the use these by a besieging force often had limited effect, bc although they had enough power to destroy walls, they were so big that they were hard to move
Cannons and large guns
Declaration of Independance
The document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Olive Branch Petition
A document sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III, proposing a reconciliation between the colonies and Britain
pamphlet written by thomas paine; said that the colonies didn't owe loyalty to king george III or britain- 'Tis time to part'
series of essays, printed as pamphlets and throughout press in colonies. In it the author appeals to patriots to service their country for the people.wriiten by Thomas Paine
Second Continental Congress
Political authority that directed the struggle for independence beginning in 1775.
Type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy
Economic system in which individuals and businesses are allowed to compete for profit with a minimum of government interference
June 14th 1777. in Congress, it was decided that then new American flag should have 13 stripes of red and white and 13 white stars on a blue field. There wasn't a rule about how the stars should be arranged. It is said that Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag. George Washington, Robert Morris and George Ross asked her at a meeting at her home in late may 1776.
New York city
Colony located near the coast. American forces suffered their greatest defeat of the Revolutionary War at.........
British army attempted to capture this city to isolate the New England colonies.Capital of America
A place known to have where the revolution started. Many protest happened here and this was the colonies only harbor.
Lexington and Concord
April 8, 1775: Gage leads 700 soldiers to confiscate colonial weapons and arrest Adam, and Hancock; April 19, 1775: 70 armed militia face British at Lexington (shot heard around the world); British retreat to Boston, suffer nearly 300 casualties along the way (concord)
..., Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Treaty of Paris
Agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry
John Paul Jones' ship that defeated to Serapis, named after Ben Franklin's POOR RICHARD ALMANAC
In December 1776 Washington secretly led his troops across the Delaware River to launch a surprise attack on the Hessian troops guarding Trenton and took most of them prisoner(300).
Human Costs at War
The british lost many men but the americans had fewer casulaties.
1. Fighting on own ground with determination to protect it 2. British had to ship in supplies and soldiers across the Atlantic. 3. Some British soldiers were mercenaries or hired soldiers called Hessians after the region of Germany 4.fighting for freedom not money 5. greatest advantage was George Washington as leader.
Colonial forces were poorly organized and untrained, had few cannons and little gunpoweder, no navy, and many colonists did not want to fight far away from home
Financial Problems of War
It cost King George III a lot of money. The continental army relied on fund and donations to survive.
(September 11, 1777- 1778) It was a battle of the Philadelphia campaign fought in the area surrounding Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania and the Brandywine River. The battle, which was a firm victory for the British, left Philadelphia undefended.
At this site in 1779 General Washington decided to spend the winter. He could easily watch the moves of the British. It was close to NY, but protected by hills.
1777- where the American troops drove the British all the way back to the environs of New York City. American leader George Washington and British Leader Charles Cornwallis- American troops won this battle
1781; last battle of the revolution; Benedict Arnold, Cornwallis and Washington; colonists won because British were surrounded and they surrended
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775, mostly on and around Breed's Hill, during the Siege of Boston. British won but lost many many troops
A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war. This battle ultimately had France to openly support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent.
Battle which the British won in SC; Cornwallis marched forth from Charleston, later joined by Tarleton; encountered Gate's army and were outnumbered but Amer. troops were too inexperienced and lost and retreated all the way to Hillborough
British victory, Attempt to take control of important Southern city where Americans were eventually forced to surrender (February 11-may 12, 1778)
1776: Christmas night attack on German troops. Stormed the village, 900 German troops surrendered. Only 3 casualties.
83 men went to Fort Ticonderoga at night and demanded they surrender (which the British did) and the Maericans took the cannons all the way back to Boston
1780 battle in South Carolina where Patriots defeated Loyalist militia and executed many of the prisoners; many neutral citizens swung over to patriot side and there was increased dislike of the British
Clark and 175 soldiers captured the British town of _____in present day Indiana.
General George Washington was outnumbered on the Battle of _____ and was forced to retreat to New Jersey.
Where cannons were placed looking down into boston and eventually biritsh surrendered boston.
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