Upgrade to remove ads
using the periodic table and metals
Terms in this set (31)
Define periodic table
A chart of the elements arranged into rows and columns according to their physical and chemical properties.
There are more than ______ known elements
Scientists use a ________to organize the elements
Who was Dimitri Mendeleev?
A russian chemist and teacher
What did Dimitri Mendeleev develop?
A way to classify elements
Name the properties that Mendeleev studied when developing his periodic table
Density, color, melting point, atomic mass, and boiling point
What is atomic number
The number of protons and electrons in an atom of an element
Mendeleev's table was organized by increasing ______
Moseley's table was organized by increasing ________
People can identify many of the _______ of an element by looking at its __________ on the periodic table
The table is organized into ________, __________, and __________, each of which shows certain patterns of ____________
Columns, rows, blocks; properties
What is a group?
A column on the periodic table
What is a period?
The rows on the periodic table
Elements in a group _______ with other elements in _________
React; similar ways
Atomic number of each element __________ by ________ as you go from _________
Increases; one; left to right
Where is the position of the metals on the periodic table?
Left side and middle of the table
What are the properties of metals?
Shiny, conduct thermal energy
Where is the position of the nonmetals on the periodic table?
What are the properties of nonmetals?
Gases, don't conduct thermal energy
Where are metalloids located on the periodic table?
Between metals and nonmetals
What are the properties of metalloids?
The properties to metals and nonmetals
What are the physical properties of metals?
Luster, conductivity, ductility, malleability, density, strength, and boiling points
What is luster?
The ability to reflect light
What is ductility?
The ability to be pulled into thin wire
What is malleability?
The ability to be hammered or rolled into sheets
What is conductivity?
The ability to conduct thermal energy and electricity
Name the 6 alkali metals
Lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, francium
What are alkali metals
The elements in group 1 of the periodic table
Characteristics of alkali
-react quickly with other elements
-found in nature as compounds
-have a shiny apperance
-have the lowest densities of all metals
Describe the lanthanide and actinide series
Lanthanide- stretch between lanthaum and halfnium
Actinide-stretch between actinium and rutherfordium
Describe the arrangement of metals in the periodic table in terms of their properties
Elements increase in metallic properties
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Science Chapter 7
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 11 Lesson 1
Science Chapter 10 Lesson 1 Notes
Science chapter 10 lesson 1 Periodic table
The Periodic Table of Elements - Section…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Vocab list #4
civics test 3/21/19