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2nd Cumulative Rhetorical Terms
Terms in this set (72)
two opposite ideas are placed together in order to create and effect.
Similar to juxtaposition
refers to things that you can perceive through the five senses
suggesting the meaning of something apart from its primary meaning
repetition of consonants with a large emphasis when saying the last letters in a word.
A form of alliteration
a sentence that is in the form of a statement and usually ends in a period
a set of rules that governs a particular concept
the use of ambiguous words or expressions in order to mislead
the observation of human culture in a particular field of study
a sentence that expresses a strong statement or conveys a strong feeling or sudden emotion
a sentence that gives instruction, expresses a command or request
a sentence having the force or form of a question
giving human traits to non living objects
the position of the narrator in relation to the story as indicated by the narrators outlook from which the events are depicted andy by the attitude toward the characters
a plot subordinate to the main plot; a secondary story within the main story
an original saying often attributed to a single person which is stated in a memorable form
similarity in sound between inner vowels in adjacent words
discussion about at topic
use of a series of parallel clauses
the repetition of the same word or words in the middle of a successive sentence
the use of more words than are necessary to convey meaning; redundancy of expression
a figure of speech in which an offensive, harsh, or blunt word or expression is avoided and one that is milder, but less precise or accurate is used instead
deductive reasoning from which a conclusion is derived from two premises
Comparison of items to compare the known to the unknown
a brief narrative or story ofter serving to make a point, describing an intersting/amusing event
drop often sudden and unexpected from a dignified or important idea or situation to use that is trivial or humerous
contains one main or independent clause and one or more subordinate slauses or dependent clauses
compound sentence structure
contains two independent clauses joined by a coodinator (fanboys)
two independent clauses joined by one or more dependent clauses
word choice, particularly as an element of style
tending to depart from the main points or ideas
writing that is preachy or seeks to convince a reader of a particular point or lesson
a novel composed of letters between characters oof the story
a term used as a descriptive and qualifying substitue for the name of a person place or thing
construction that involves the change from one grammatical sequence to another within a single sentence. finishing a sentence with a different grammatical structure from that with which it began
an exlamatory rhetorical figure of speech when a talker breaks off and direct speech to an imaginary person or abstract quality or idea
an emphatic statement; declaration
a summary of the main points of a story or exxay
an informally stated syllogism with an implied premise
assigning some quality or character toa person or thing
a discrepancy between expectation and reality
repetition of the ends of two or more successive sentences, verses, etc.
an abrupt change within a sentence from one syntactic structure to another
an argument against an idea, usually regarding philosophy, politics, or religion
the arrangement of words as elements in a sentence to show their relationship
to use an existing word to denote something that has no name in the current languate
the lever of trustworthiness and authority that a reader percieves a writer has on a subject
an act or instance that may be used as an example in dealing with subsequent similar instances
a rhetorical device in which the speaker reproaches the audience in order to incite or convince them
the addition of a letter or syllable at the end of a word, either through natural development or to add emphasis
the idea that a person or people possess particular values and attitudes based on their ethnic, national, and/or social background
a preposition upon which an argument is based or from which a conclusion is drawn; either the major or the minor propostion of a syllogism in a deductive argument
the use of words or constructions that have passed out of the language before the time of writing; or a particular example of such an obsolete word or expression
a figure of speech in which one thing is referenced by something else which is only remotely associated with it. often the association works through a different figure or speech, or through a chain or cause and effect
a figure of speech in which one word simultaneously modifies two or more other words such that the modification must be understood differently with respect to each modified word; often causing humorous incongruity
figure of repetition in which a set of two or more different words having the same meaning occus within the same sentence; a successive series of words or phrases whose meanings are generally equivalent
the repetition of a single word for rhetorical emphasis
Word choice, particularly as an element of style: Your diction is simply your choice of words. There is no single, correct diction in the English language; instead, you choose different words or phrases for different contexts.
Tending to depart or wander off from the main point or cover a wide range of subjects.
A term used as a descriptive and qualifying substitute for the name of a person, place or thing. OR: An adjective which expresses a quality or attribute/considered characteristic of a person or thing.
Substitutes for a particular attribute the name of a famous person recognized for that attribute.
The arrangement of statements in a sentence to compose an argument or complete a picture. This can range from grouping together subordinate statements to form a whole with bridging clauses used to define sequence or pre-modifying a statement with another word without using commas to do so.
Like generalization:reasoning from detailed facts to general principles. The process of deriving general principles from particular facts or instances. The process that detectives use in solving crimes.
The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence.
A composition, written or oral, by a single individual. More specifically, a speech given by a single individual in a drama or other public entertainment. It has no set length, although it is usually several or more lines long.
Understatement, the opposite of exaggeration. Litotes (especially popular in Old English poetry) is a type of meiosis in which the writer uses a statement in the negative to create the effect.
Reoccurring character, incident, or concept in literature Motifs contribute to the conflict in a piece of writing.
motif vs. theme
-Theme is the idea set forth by the text.
-Motif is a recurring element that symbolizes that idea/theme. It is the central idea behind a theme.
Judgment based on observable phenomena and uninfluenced by emotions or personal prejudices. Remaining un-emotionally involved.
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish. Language that might be described as "show-offy" . Using big words for the sake of just using big words. When something is described over-extensively and unnecessarily.
A sentence where the main clause doesn't appear until the end of the sentence. Details come before the actual statement. Creates the effect of suspense.
stream of consciousness
The continuous flow of ideas and feelings that constitute an individual's conscious experience.
a personal presentation of events and characters, influenced by the author's feelings and opinions.
Sets with similar terms
CSHS AP Language Common Words and Phrases
AP Summer Reading Terms
AP Rhetorical Devices
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