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MOP Question 1
Terms in this set (100)
The Elgin Marbles (now in the British Museum) belong to which building from ancient Greece?
Alongside what open space in a Greek city is the 'stoa' to be found?
What is the name of the hill in Athens on which sits a famous group of temples and which can be seen from around the city?
What is the name of the former cathedral and mosque built by Constantine in Istanbul?
What sort of urban street pattern is to be found in Miletus?
Name three Greek orders (columns)
Doric, Ionic, corinthian
Name two Roman orders (columns)
Which Roman emperor had a villa at Tivoli?
Name the American industrialist who designed the safety lift, first demonstrated to the public in 1853, which made the construction of tall buildings viable?
Elisha Graves Otis
Which Roman architect-planner wrote 'The Ten Books of Architecture?'
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio
What are the 'cardo' and 'decumanus' in a Roman town?
Cardo = north-south road, decumanus = east-west road
What is the central open space of a Roman town called?
The 'Basilica' in a Roman town evolved into what building type in medieval Europe?
Name a Roman town in England.
Which city in Egypt was well known for its library dedicated to the Muses in ancient times and which has now a new library in its place designed by Snøhetta, a Norwegian architectural office
Durham Cathedral is an example of particular architectural style from the 11th century; name the style of architecture.
What is the name of the famous Roman temple in Nîmes, France?
The Cathédrale de Strasbourg / Straßburger Münster is widely considered to be a fine example of what type of architecture?
The gates to which city include: 'Aldgate' Ludgate.' and 'Moorgate?'
What is the name of the main square in the centre of Venice?
Piazza San Marco
During the period known as the Middle Ages in Europe what civilisation founded Mexico City in Central America?
What civilisation built Machu Picchu, a fifteenth century citadel in present day Peru?
Hamman, suqs and madrasa are all urban forms / buildings in cities normally associated with which religion?
With what type of institution are the medieval towns of Heidelberg (D), Oxford (UK), Bologna (I) and Coimbra (P) all closely associated?
The 'Lakenhalle' in the centre of Ieper/Ypres, Belgium is a gothic style building (rebuilt after World War 1) closely associated with what medieval trade?
What name is given to the ceremonial and administrative building in London, now grade 1 listed, completed in 1440 on the site of earlier Roman and medieval buildings?
Which French king, closely associated with urban design, was responsible for the building of Place des Vosges (previously Place Royale) in Paris?
In which European capital city is Plaza Mayor (built by Phillip III,1598-1621) the main central square?.
What name is given to the rational and geometric city created by Piero della Francesca in 1470?
The Ideal City
Who painted Het Straatje, an image of a Dutch street and houses?
Who designed Villa Capra 'La Rotunda?'
The Forbidden City, occupied as an Imperial Palace from 1420-1912, is in which city?
What name was given to that part of London settled by German merchants of the Hanseatic League; it was surrounded by its own walls, contained its own warehouses, churches, offices, houses etc...and operated as a 'city' separately from London?
What is the name given to the open public area in front of a medieval cathedral?
Which architect-planner, born Florence 1377 and responsible for design of the dome of its cathedral, was heavily influenced by studying Roman remains and the work of Vitruvius.
Name a town in The Netherlands closely associated with the artist Vermeer and The Northern Renaissance.
Whose plan for the rebuilding of London after the Great Fire of 1666 never came to full fruition except for his cathedral?
Who planned 'Covent Garden' in London in the seventeenth century?
Hans Sloane set up a collection of objects in Montagu House, London during the Enlightenment. What did this collection later become?
Name the type of plan that shows public spaces as 'white' (whether interior or exterior) and 'non- public' space and solid as 'black' (nb: it is not a figure-ground plan.)
Architect-planner John Wood the Elder designed large parts of which city?
Which capital city did Pierre Charles L'Enfant design?
Thomas Telford is associated with what form of transport?
Who painted 'Abtei im Eichwald / Abbey in the Oak Wood' (1810) which shows a landscape containing a ruined Gothic church?
Casper David Friedrich
What is the name of the 'pleasure park for the people' in Berlin created at the end of the 17th century from a former hunting ground of Elector Friedrich III.
Name the model settlement in Yorkshire, England built by Titus Salt.
Name the model settlement near Liverpool, England built by William Lever
Name the model settlement near Birmingham, England built by George Cadbury.
Name the London terminus of The Great Western Railway
Name the painting by JMW Turner (1844) depicting a steam train crossing Maidenhead Bridge with a hare running alongside
Rain, Steam and speed - the great Western railway
What building is famous for being at the centre of the Great Exhibition held in London in 1851?
What style of architecture is St Georges Hall, Liverpool?
The Peabody Trust's first building in London was in Commercial Street, Spitalfields. What purpose did the building serve?
Housing for the poor
For what event in Paris were Le Grand Palais and Le Petit Palais built?
Which landscape architect designed Central Park, NY? **
Frederick Law Olmsted
Which major proponent of the Arts and Crafts Movement lived in Kelmscott Manor?
Name the New York railway station that opened in 1910, was demolished in 1963, and was then replaced by a completely underground station in 1968. Trains from here connect the city to Chicago and St Louis.
Name the world's first reinforced concrete arch bridge designed by Robert Maillart.
What are 'The Tyburn,' 'The Fleet,' and 'The Walbrook?'
Name the architect-planner responsible for designing Regents Street, London.
What 'order' is Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square?
Which city's walls were demolished in the nineteenth century to make way for the Ringstraße (Ring Road) now a UNESCO World Heritage site and which is lined by the state opera house, the Academy of Fine Arts, the city hall and the state parliament building?
Le Périphérique (ring road) follows the course of the former walls of which city?
What major set of infrastructure works are associated with Joseph Bazalgette in nineteenth century London?
In which city are 'The Painted Ladies,' a group of nineteenth century houses?
Name one of the two parks outside Paris designed to provide public space for Parisians that were established by Napoleon III.
Bois de Boulogne
Name the cemetery in Paris regarded as being the first 'garden cemetery' in the world.
In which city of the north of England is The Albert Dock?
Who designed Manchester Town Hall?
What is the name of the gate in Berlin at the junction of Unter den Linden and Ebertstraße?
Which Belgian architect, closely associated with Art Nouveau, designed the memorial to Johannes Brahms in Zentralfriedhof cemetery in Vienna in conjunction with the sculptor Ilse Conrat?
Name the movement centred in cities of North America, particularly Chicago, in the 1890s-and 1900s that promoted the aesthetic ideal of cities as a means of achieving social harmony.
What event that expounded the idea of a Beaux-Arts city' was held in the USA to celebrate the 400 year anniversary of Columbus' arrival in America?
Chicago world fair
The 'Cinquantenaire' is an urban park and classical style triumphal arch in which European capital?
What name is given to that part of London in which the Olympic Games were held in 1908?
The white city
Name the town designed by Raymond Unwin and Barry Parker situated in Hertfordshire, England.
Who designed Canberra, the capital of Australia?
The Austrian Postal Savings Bank / Österreichische Postsparkasse is an early example of what type of architecture that went on to heavily influence urban design and architecture in the twentieth century?
In which city is Mies van der Rohe's German exhibition pavilion, built in 1929?
Who designed the masterplan for the city of Chandigarh?
What city in the English Midlands was heavily bombed in World War 2 and is known for its rebuilt town centre and replacement cathedral designed by Basil Spence.
Where is 'Hallgrimskirkja?
What building, designed by Mies van der Rohe (1958), took the bold step of being set back off the city block in New York?
Which former US President sketched out the plan for what was to become Washington DC?
In broad terms, which came first: The London Underground or the Paris Metro?
Name the event that took place in London in 1951 and whose legacy remains on the south bank of the River Thames between Westminster and Blackfriars Bridge
festival of Britain
What type of town are Cumbernauld, Runcorn and Milton Keynes?
Erno Goldfinger, inspired by Le Corbusier, designed a brutalist tower in London - name the tower.
The Lawn (built 1950) is a block of flats in which UK town?
What name is given (in Portuguese) to the areas of informal, often poor quality, urban development situated in and around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Which famous engineering company was responsible for building the steel roadway of the Millau Viaduct (opened 2004)?
What is the tallest building in London?
What type of urban space is 'Potsdamer Platz' in Berlin?
Name the city where the 'Unité d'Habitation' designed by Le Corbusier, was completed in 1952.
Name the London railway terminal closely associated with Sir John Betjeman, a founding member of the Victorian Society, and which opened after extensive refurbishment to accommodate the Eurostar train service in 2007
In which British City is there an 'old town' and a 'new town' both together designated as a UNESCO Word Heritage Site?
Which European Capital City, with a Royal Palace at its centre, was rebuilt extensively after World War 2 and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In which city was the 18th century Frauenkirche (destroyed in WWII) rebuilt and completed in 2005?
In which European capital city is The Metropolitan Cathedral of Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus and Adalbert which is an example of medieval, renaissance, baroque, nineteenth and twentieth century building all in one cathedral?
Name the one surviving building from the 1951 Festival of Britain.
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