22 terms

EZ NCLEX Review for the Complete Idiot. Free, online. : Electrolyte & Acid Base imbalances #1. S/S. CA LVN NCLEX. Hypocalcemia, Hypercalcemia, Hypokalemia, Hyperkalemia, Hyponatremia, Hypernatremia, Alkalosis. Nursing.

Electrolyte & Acid Base imbalances, S/S. CA LVN NCLEX. Hypocalcemia, Hypercalcemia, Hypokalemia, Hyperkalemia, Hyponatremia, Hypernatremia, Alkalosis. Nursing.
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S/S: Osteoporosis, hyperactive reflexes:
Hypocalcemia
S/S: Muscle weakness, weak pulse:
Hypokalemia
S/S: Muscle weakness, kidney stones:
Hypercalcemia
S/S: Fluid balance & mental status changes:
Hyponatremia
S/S: Muscle cramps, irreg. HR:
Hyperkalemia
This hormones causes Na retention in the body:
Aldosterone
The most reliable method for monitoring fluid balance is:
Daily wts.
Vomiting, diarrhea, and profuse sweating can cause dehydration, l/t rapid HR but weak pulse, dark urine, and:
Elevated BUN and elevated Hematocrit.
Failing kidneys cannot effectively do this:
Excrete water
Ileostomy Pt's have continues liquid stools l/t::
Lot's of loss of water/become dehydrated.
Dehydration and fluid loss lead to this:
Hyponatremia and mental status changes.
Lung disease can lead to hypoventilation which can l/t this:
CO2 retention and acidosis.
Hyperventilation causes this:
Alkalosis
Potassium supplements should be taken with food/without food:
With food.
Slow-K should be crushed/not be crushed:
Not be crushed.
Health-Illness Continuuum: Most of the Pt's goals are being met but thru adaptation:
Moderate wellness
Health-Illness Continuum: All of the Pt's goals are being met:
High level wellness
Health-Illness Continuum: Chronically ill but able to meet most needs:
Moderate wellness
Health-Illness Continuum: Pt is near death:
Near death
Health-Illness Continuum: Lack of energy, inattention, minor aches & pains:
Low level of health
Health-Illness Continuum: Chronic disorders, disability:
Low level of health
The Nurse|Patient relationship is based on this:
Trust
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