Logical Fallacies and Rhetorical Analysis Strategies Quiz #2
Terms in this set (28)
Appeal to False Authorities
appealing to authority as a reason to believe something is fallacious whenever the authority appealed to is not really an authority in this particular subject, when the authority cannot be trusted to tell the truth, or is biased beyond reason
this is an attack on the character of a person rather than his or her opinions or arguments.
this is a conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence. In other words, you are rushing to a conclusion before you have all relevant facts.
utterances that avoid the truth (often try to change the subject to avoid having to address truth)
untruthful statements with the excuse of having made a mistake
lies made to seem like truths
This move oversimplifies an opponent's viewpoint and then attacks that hollow argument.
suggesting that someone's claim is correct simply because it's what most everyone is coming to believe
a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eventually through a series of small steps, through B, C,...,X,Y,Z will happen, too, basically equating A and Z. So, if we don't want Z to occur, A must not be allowed to occur either.
This is a conclusion that oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only two sides or choices.
the items in the analogy/comparison are too dissimilar
while pathos, the appeal to emotion, is useful for a strong argument, it CAN be overused to the point of damaging the argument.
considered the God-like complex; implies that someone has all the right answers, and cannot be argued with
Try to frighten people into agreeing with the arguer by threatening them or predicting unrealistically dire consequences
the art of persuasion
appeal to credibility, character, trustworthiness, credentials.
the appeal to emotions; tries to persuade the audience using emotion (any emotion)
Appeal to logic (data, stats, and proof)
what is he/she trying to persuade the audience to do?
who is the intended audience for the argument
how does this affect the argument
who is making the argument
what are the author's sources and do they provide where they got their information
what are they? how are they presented? what is the evidence supporting the argument?
what does the argument claim; what issues are raised and what is ignored?
what are the social, political, historical, and cultural contexts surrounding
how is the argument organized or arranged? Is it logical and clear?
how does vocabulary, tone, and style work to persuade the audience.
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