74 terms

Adaptations, Metamorphosis, Life Cycle, Plants and Animals, Science, Engineering, and Energy (So far this year 11/13/18)

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Adaptation
a physical feature or behavior that helps an organism survive in its habitat.
Hibernation
to go into a deep sleep during which an animal uses very little energy and usually does not need to eat.
Migration
to move to another region when seasons change and food supplies become scarce.
Extinct
no longer living; when the last member of a species has died, the species is ________.
Habitat
the place where an organism lives.
Niche
the role a plant or animal plays in its habitat.
Species
a group of living things that produces living things of the same kind
Camouflage
the coloring, marking, or other physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in with its surroundings
Mimicry
an adaptation that allows an animal to protect itself by looking like another kind of animal or like a plant.
Physical adaptation
an adaptation to a body part
Behavioral Adaptation
something an animal does that helps it survive
egg (Complete)
The beginning of an insects life cycle. This is the first stage in Complete Metamorphosis of 4 stages.
larva
​This is the 2nd stage of an insects life cycle. This is when they are in a caterpillar like form where they will continue to eat and grow until it is time for their next stage.
adult (Complete)
This is the final stage of the 4 stages of complete metamorphosis, there are no more large changes and the insect will stay in this stage until the end of its life.
complete metamorphosis
Insect development consisting of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult
egg (Incomplete)
The beginning of an insects life cycle. This is the first stage in Incomplete Metamorphosis of 3 stages.
nymph
​This stage looks exactly like the adult, except a little bit smaller. Incomplete metamorphosis does not change the insect very much.
adult (Incomplete)
This is the final stage of the 3 stages of incomplete metamorphosis, there are no more large changes and the insect will stay in this stage until the end of its life.
incomplete metamorphosis
Insect development consisting of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult
pupa
This stage begins when the larva forms a cocoon around itself, this is also called a chrysalis. This stage can last for months.
nonvascular plants
are the simplest types of plants that grow on land.
vascular plants
have a system of tubes that carry water and nutrients through the plant.
roots
takes in water and minerals and also anchors the plant in the ground.
stems
structures that have tubes to carry water, sugar, and minerals to different parts of the plant. Also used to support the plant.
leaves
plant parts that use sunlight to produce sugar for the plan'ts food. Comes in many different shapes.
flowers
used by some plants to make seeds (for reproduction).
fibrous root
are thin branching roots that grow close to the surface. Grasses and most trees have this type of root.
taproot
are thick, strong roots that grow deep in the soil. Have one main root with tiny hairs that grow off of it.
veins
small tubes that carry food made by the leaves to the plant's flowers stems and roots.
photosynthesis
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars
pistil
Female part of the flower
stamen
Male part of the flower
germination
the sprouting of a seed
life cycle
All of the events in the growth and development of an organism until an adult.
pollination
transfer of pollen stamen to the pistil of a flower.
spore
A tiny cell that is able to grow into a new organism
cone
a seed-bearing structure
scientist
asks questions about the natural world
science
is the study of the natural world
observation
information that is collected using the 5 senses
investigation
a procedure carried out to gather data about an object or an event.
hypothesis
an idea or explanation that can be tested. An educated prediction
Life Science
Study living things
Physical Science
Study matter and energy
Earth Science
Study rocks, weather, and the planets
experiment
a fair test, that can show that one thing causes another thing to happen. Only change 1 thing at a time.
evidence
proof that is gathered during an investigation
conclusion
the end or finish of an event or process.
share results
Explain your results by presenting your experiment, observations and conclusions.
engineering
the use of scientfici and mathematical principles to develop something practical
design
to conceive something and to prepare the plans and drawings for it to be built
prototype
the original or model on which something is based
tool
anything used to help people shape, build or produce things to meet their needs
technology
any designed system, product, or process used to solve problems
feedback
the response to a message
process
A series of actions or steps taken to achieve an end
input
what is put in, taken in, or operated on by any process or system.
output
The results of the operation of any system.
system
A group of parts that work together as a whole
energy
the ability to cause change in matter.
kinetic energy
the energy of motion.
potential energy
the energy something stores because of its position or condition
mechanical energy
the total potential energy and kinetic energy of an object.
light energy
a form of energy that can travel through space. Plants use this energy from the sun to make food.
sound energy
a form of energy that is made by vibrations. Can be described by low or high pitch.
chemical energy
a form of potential energy that can be released by a chemical change.
electrical energy
a form of kinetic energy that comes from electric current.
energy source
a place where energy comes from, such as batteries, food, fuels, and the Sun
position
is the location of an object in relation to a nearby object or place
motion
a change in position
speed
tells you how the position of an object changes during a certain amount of time.
velocity
the speed of an object in a particular direction
force
a push or a pull
acceleration
any change in the speed or direction of an object's motion
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