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Chapter 7 Vocabulary Quiz - Napier
Terms in this set (24)
(1829-1833) and (1833-1837), Indian removal act, nullification crisis, Old Hickory," first southern/ western president," President for the common man," pet banks, spoils system, specie circular, trail of tears, Henry Clay Flectural Process.
- "The principal reason_______, his chief political apponent."
Poliical party known for its support of strong state governments, founded by Thomas Jefferson in 1792 in opposition to the Federalist Party.
The practice of winning candidates' rewarding their supporters with government jobs.
Indian Removal Act
A law, enacted in 1830, that forced Native American peoples east of the Mississippi to move to lands in the West.
Trail of Tears
The marches in which the Cherokee people were forcibly removed from Georgia to the Indian Territory in 1838-1840, with thousands of the Cherokee dying on the way.
Famous American politician and orator. he advocated renewal and opposed the financial policy of Jackson. Many of the principles of finance he spoke about were later incorporated in the Federal Reserve System. Would later push for a strong union.
-massachusetts senator , rose in the senate and delivered one of the greatest speeches of American history
John C. Calhoun
Vice President under Andrew Jackson; leading Southern politician; began his political career as a nationalist and an advocate of protective tariffs, later he becomes an advocate of free trade, states' rights, limited government, and nullification.
- vice president of South Carolina, called the 1828 tariff a Tariff of Abominations, a "disgusting and loathsome" tariff.
Tariff of Abominations
John C. Calhoun's name for an 1828 tariff increase that seemed to Southerners to be enriching the North at their expense
Bank of the United States
Either of the two national banks, funded by the federal government and private investors, established by Congress, the first in 1791 and the second in 1816
The political party formed in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
the vice president for Jackson in his second term; was blamed for the Panic of 1837; he was not re-elected
Panic of 1837
A U.S fianncial crisis in which banks closed and the credit system collapsed, resulting in many bankruptcies and high unemployment.
William Henry Harrison
Whig party canditate
Harrison's vice president and successor, opposed many parts of the whig program fro ecnomic recovery
-whigs put Tyler on teh ballot to pick up southern votes; they never thought he would play much of a role in government.
-after realizing that it was a mistake to pick him, began referring to president tyler as "His Accidency"
What political party was formed by supporters of Andrew Jackson
Which Native American group walked the Trail of Tears?
What was the result of the Trail of Tears?
More than a quarter of the Cherokee people died on this forced march
What was Andrew Jackson's response to the ruling in Worcester v. Georgia
He refused to follow the court's ruling
The spoils system is
A system in which incoming government officials throw out officials appointed by the former president
John C. Calhoun called the 1828 tariff a Tariff of Abominations because it...
Forced southern States to buy expensive Northern manufactured goods
How did South Carolina legislators respond to the tariffs passed by Congress by in 1828 and 1832?
They said they would not follow the law and threatened to secede
What were "pet banks?"
State banks loyal to the Democratic Party
The Whig Party was formed
To oppose President Jackson's tactics and policies
Which of the following was an idea supported by the Whig party?
The banking system should be controlled by the federal government
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