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- all organisms are made up of cells
- cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things
- new cells come from existing cells
stores/protects DNA, directs protein synthesis, and is information and control center of the cell
modifies, sorts, packages, and distributes proteins and other materials from the ER storage in the cell or secretion outside of the cell
to protect plant cells, to provide structure and support, and prevent excessive uptake of water
network of protein fibers that provide support and allow movement, contain microfilaments and microtubules
the main energy storing compound for cells, is made from glucose during cellular respiration (mitochondria)
made by electrons that travel along an electron transport chain, supplies energy for reactions in calvin cycle
disks in the chloroplast surrounded by membranes that contain photosystems and chlorophyll
- occurs in the matrix of mitochondria
- pyruvate and ATP goes in
- CO2, ATP, NADH, FADH comes out
(splitting of glucose)
- occurs in the cytoplasm
- glucose and ATP go in
- pyruvate and ATP come out
what do bacterial cells contain?
cell wall, cell membrane, ribosomes, flagella, cytoplasm, capsule and pilli
during cellular respiration and the electron transport chain, what molecules are created?
water & ATP
in the absence of oxygen what does yeast convert pyruvate molecules into?
carbon dioxide and alcohol
what are 2 differences between photosynthesis and cellular respiration?
- photosynthesis only occurs in plants, while cellular respiration occurs in plants and animals
- photosynthesis occurs in chloroplast, while cellular respiration occurs in mitochondria
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