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23 terms

Greek Theater Vocabulary

English Greek Theater Vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
theatron (or koilon)
the setting, "seeing place", the entire area
orchestra
circular space at the foot of a hill which was a level structure where the ceremony took place
parados
two broad isles that extended from the orchestra on each side of the theatron
skene
a building where the actors could change costume and often provided the backdrop of the play
proskenion
between the skene and the orchestra, from which developed what we now call the stage
Ode
a lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject
Episode
a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series
Anagnorisis
when the tragic hero recognizes his or her tragic fall
Catharsis
purging of the emotions
Deus ex Machina
any active agent who appears unexpectedly to solve and insoluble difficulty
Peripeteia
a turn of fate that leaves the hero destitute
Stichomythia
quick alternating lines back and forth to make play move along quicker
Dramatic Irony
(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
Pathos
emotional appeal
Greek Tragedy
Characters of high birth or status, experience a series of events that threaten position, suffer a tragic fall of own actions
Tragedy
A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character
Tragic hero
a privileged, exalted character of high repute, who, by virtue of a tragic flaw and fate, suffers a fall from glory into suffering
Hamartia
tragic, fatal flaw
Hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
prologue
introduction (to a poem or play)
exodus
a departure
strophe
one section of a lyric poem or choral ode in classical Greek drama
antistrophe
the section of a choral ode answering a previous strophe in classical Greek drama