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Arts and Humanities
Comm 409 Exam 3: Professor John Sanchez
Terms in this set (89)
48 Hours on Hate Street: Who are the real players in this story?
The News Media
: We wouldn't need to talk to them at the event to publicize the event but go see them at their office to cover the story.
(The media was a conduit)
48 Hours on Hate Street: Who are the winners and losers?
Losers: The Public
48 Hours on Hate Street: How is the Klan portrayed in this segment by the 48 Hours news team?
CBS portrayed them in a very
manner and showed them as a group that is just trying to get their message out
(CBS became a conduit)
48 Hours on Hate Street: What ethical philosophy is being used by CBS news here and what is the role of the Media in this segment?
: they knew it was a necessary evil
48 Hours on Hate Street: What is the real goal of the Klan?
To gain political power
A Girl Like Me: What is Brown vs. Topeka board of Education?
Desegregation schools in the 50's
A Girl Like Me: What do Black children see as beautiful -- even among black children?
Light skin and smooth hair
A Girl Like Me: What are the reasons given that black children choose white dolls?
When asked which doll was the nice doll- they choose the
15 out of 21 children liked the white doll
(They think white is better)
A Girl Like Me: Keeping Maslow in mind—how would the results of this test have an effect on Black children- white children?
They would feel like they don't fit in
Race and Sex: The psychology of stereotyping -- If we don't want to stereotype, then why do we do it?
Different than us no matter what
• Its just built into us
Even if we think we don't.... we do
Race and Sex: Do people still hold biases against most other people not like them in the 21st Century?
• We cant control our subconscious, but we can control our actions
Race and Sex: Gay stereotypes -- Is it possible to tell someone's sexual orientation? Are gay people more likely to be in certain professions?
• You don't know if someone is gay unless they tell you they are or are not.
No they do not go into certain professions
Race and Sex: Racial Parity - Are things between the races equal in the 21st century?
No. Things are not equal.
Race and Sex: Who is Jane Elliott and explain the results of her experiment. Why is this experiment important in the 21st Century?
She is considered the designer of diversity training
She is a grade school teacher that told her students that the color of your eyes determines the type of person you are (Race)
Blue = good
Brown = bad
* Then she reversed the roles the next day
she gave them a flash card test each day →
Whoever was told they were superior that day ...preformed better!!
American Indians when given money it was never recorded in leger
• Chief took book and drew picture of his tribe
How many federally recognized American Indian Nations in the United States?
federally recognized American Indian Nations in the United States. Recognized as sovereign Nations
How many American Indians are in the United States today?
5.2 million American Indians are in the United States today that mark the box for American Indian in the 2010 census.
Where do most of the American Indians in the United States live?
More Indians live in California than in any other state in America, followed by Oklahoma and Arizona
%* of all American Indians live on American Indian Reservations or in Native Communities
%* of all American Indians live next door to the rest of the country
Are American Indians Rich or Poor?
of all American Indians live at or below the United States Poverty level
o Pine Ridge, SD is the poorest areas for American Indians
of all American Indians live at or above the United States Poverty level
Do all American Indian Tribes have a tribal casino?
%* of all American Indian Nations have a gaming interest or tribal casino
o All American Indian casinos combined together make up
of all the gaming operations in the United States
Do American Indians serve in the United States Military?
Per Capita more American Indians serve in the United States Military than any other group of people
Are American Indians honored by sports teams mascots?
No, To them, it is the NDN version of a minstrel Blackface
One entry found in dictionary
o Informal: Native American (offensive)
o The word redskin is very offensive and should be avoided
There are two major ways of knowing in the US
: access to the masses
: access to the masses/in a controlled setting
What do you think about when asked about American Indians: In service K-8 teachers
-- Beads & Feathers
-- Casinos Indians
-- Team Mascots
of all American Indian children are taught by non-Native teachers
American Indians are violent crime victims at double the rate of the general populations
American Indians and Alcholism
Alcoholism affects up to
of all American Indians
American Indians and Obesity
The American Indian rate for obesity is the highest in the US
• The rate for diabetes is the highest in the US and one of the heist I the world
American Indians and Suicide
• American Indian suicide rate is
s* that of non-Indians
o Highest in the world
American Indians and Violence
American Indians and violent crime victims at double the rate of the general U.S. population
7 out of 10
American Indian victims describe those that hurt them as being from another race.
What do you think about when asked about American Indians: Newspaper Editors
First settlers to America
What is the latest news story you remember about American Indians: Newspaper Editors
Where would you say you have learned most about American Indians: Newspaper Editors
(None of them said College)
Most commonly used frame for American Indians
Representation of American Indians with 18th Century images
What is the first thing that comes to mind: Contemporary Native American Family (as seen through the eyes of a fourth grader)
drawings were of feathers and tents
American Indians: Key points to remember
In many respects, minority groups, especially American Indians have been excluded or marginalized in American culture and society.
As a result mainstream America falsely believes that American Indians are completely assimilated into the dominant culture to the point that they are invisible...or they believe that American Indians are extinct.
American Indians: Key points to remember(Cont.)
--Low Number of AI Frames
--Frames focus on 18th Century Imagery
--News -Believed to be factual
--AI Identity created by Media
--American Indians in 21st century engage ethnostress
American Indians: Key points to remember(Cont2.)
--Am NDNs are victims of violent crime at twice the US rate for non-Indians
of Am NDNs live at or below US poverty level
--Alcoholism affects up to
of Am NDNs
--Am NDN suicide rate is
that of non-NDNs.
The social construction of any person, place or thing by the media
Two Major ways of Knowing in the United States
Media: access to the masses
Public Schools: access to the masses/in a controlled setting
Where would you say you have learned most about American Indians?
90 Million Families Media Frames -Shape
The News Media Framing of American Indians:
A Study of Ten Years of American Indian News Reports From: The Big Three US Television Broadcast Evening Network News
Mass Media representations of American Indians can be divided into at least two very distinctive areas:
General Mass Media
The Framing Tool
1. 18th Century Images
5.Positive Human Interest
6.Positive/Neg in 21st century settings
7.Not Covered in previous frames
Research Question One: What is the actual number of American Indian/Native American news reports by the big 3 broadcast evening news programs in the United States in a 10-year period?
Total Number of news reports
Research Question Two: What is the most common way that the ABC, CBS, and NBC evening news programs frame coverage of American Indians during the study period?
combined total from the big 3 were reports on American Indians
NBC had the most with
CBS only had
Most commonly used frame:
Representation of American Indians with
18th century images
The second most commonly used frame:
Positive or negative representations of American Indians in
21st century settings
The third most commonly used frame:
Representation of American Indians (Poor)
The fourth most commonly used frame:
Media representations/ references of American Indians not covered in the previous 6
The fifth most commonly used frame:
is the next most used frame references to Indian casinos and depiction of casino operations and references to money from gaming
The sixth most commonly used frame:
Representations of American Indians, Demeaning labels such as references to images/words as Braves, Squaws, Chiefs, Redskins, papoose, Militants, Renegades, anti-government, protesters, losers, 3rd world country/people, low man on the totem pole, tomahawks, tom-tom, peace pipe
The least most commonly used frame:
Representations of American Indians in
Positive Human Interest Stories
, miscellaneous good news is the frame that is the least of all frames used by the big 3 network news programs in this study period
(Most still show 18th century images.)
News from Indian Country to note:
A member of the Hopi tribe, Piestewa was the first American Indian woman in history to die in combat while serving with the U.S. military -and the first woman to die in the Iraq War.
Individuals from Indian Country to note:
: member of the Chickasaw Nation
2011 Rookie of the year-
-Rams Quarterback-enrolled member of the Cherokee Nation
2014 Super bowl Quarterback-
Who is the wealthiest American Indian in the United States?
, Enrolled member of the Chippewa & Choctaw Nations is the founder of Famous Dave's of America
Ideas to Make Life Better:
--Mandated 4 semesters/quarters of Directed Studies in Ethic Studies especially for Educators
--Stronger Communication with American Indians and with Non-Indians
--A deeper understanding that even today there are distinct cultural differences between American Indians and Non-Indians
--An understanding that working together will benefit our lives
Pulitzer Photos: 1945 Raising the Flag
The guy in the back is a Native American and only his hands aren't on the flag
Morally Offensive Content
Because of the media's pervasive influence to society, they have been accused of being accomplices to or influencing anti-social behavior.
We are smart enough to turn the TV off when something is stupid
Studies show that children are destinies by what they see in the media
principals or a code of conduct concerning the distinction between right or wrong or good and bad behavior
No moral sense, or lacking a moral sense to determine what is right or wrong.
Miller vs. California
the 1973 court case that assigned a definition to what can be considered obscene speech and thereby not protected by the first amendment.
Disgusting to the senses
(The photo shows the injuries sustained by Kelly Thomas, homeless man described as a gentle and mentally-ill man, who was the victim of a police beating by 6 Fullerton police officers, July 5, 2011)
the depiction of acts in a sensational manner so as to arouse a quick intense emotional reaction.
Not talking about sex, it can be horrific acts or images
Eastern Colorado: they get a lot of snow and are snowed in... Farmers kill all animals and dismember their wives
is a 12- billion dollar a year business. -- People download and pay for it
Photo of bloody rape victim
The practice of Journalism resides at the core of 1st amendment values, but reporters are often confronted with an ethical quandary when it comes to including material that might offend the moral sensibilities of the audience.
Common sense: when do you decide when something is so obscene and violent...
This is a rape victim... Its our job to reflect to the community, but why like this?
Pro S: doesn't think he could use it
The verbal or written attacks on various groups because of their racial , ethnic, or national origin.
A crime motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice. Violence is the usual outcome.
(There has been a spike in hate crime in the last 60 days)
--Move N***** Now
Should we show the full word in publication?
Pro S: likes the way they did it here
Anti Social Behavior
Is conduct that causes or is likely to cause alarm, harassment, or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as him
(4-5 years ago... He argued that this is a form of child abuse... To raise your child to hate)
the idea that one's own race is superior to another and a hatred or intolerance of another race
or other races
An irrational hostile attitude, fear or hatred towards a particular group, race or religion.
We all have prejudices... Some in this room don't like American Indians... Some love them
A fixed mental image of a group that is frequently applied to all of its members.
There are a number of stereotypes in the US alone
When people wonder why he doesn't dress like an Indian.... He is the last American Indian teaching here
Blonde Stereotype of blonde haired people
usually women- includes blonde bombshell and dumb blonde
Stereotypes in media:
Arab, Asian, Black, Hispanic, Italian, Irish, American Indian, Jewish, women
language that is specific or belongs to a specific group of people
introduced the modern idea of stereotyping
The unjust treatment of different categories of people or things, based on race, age or sex.
To make emotionally insensitive or unresponsive, by long exposure or repeated shocks
A self-fulfilling prophecy:
is a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to become true, by the very terms of the prophecy itself
If you say im not going to do well on this test.... If you believe you're going to be bad at something you will be bad... If you believe you will be good you will do well
Covering anti-social behavior: Three rules to remember
1.Verify your sources
2.Do not become a conduit for the
3.Do not sensationalize your story
Four ways of ethnostress
1, deny your heritage 2. become the fool in order to belong 3. remove yourself from home group 4. may lead to suicide
Victoria Sanchez Guest Speaker
talked about native american branding and buying into racism without even being aware
Examples of racist products
Land o Lakes butter, American Spirit cigarettes, Redman chewing tobacco, Argo Corn Starch
Historically, the use of American Indians as product symbols dates back from...
late 19th century
Intertwined with the history of branding and advertising
early mass advertising, trade cards
the "indian problem" "resolved", warfwre, legislation, deculturation
Advertising is trying to sell you...
stereotypes (motherly indian woman, angry indian man)
Stereotypes of indians
romanticized ideal, exotic, spiritual, nature, authenticity, historical, cartoon
stereotype of chiefs and warriors
strong, brave, tenacious, blood thirsty, vicious
stereotype of maidens
natural and pure, erotic
Stereotypes fulfill two basic ingredients
denigration and overgeneralization
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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